The Law School at the Universidad Austral de Chile
(Sede Puerto Montt) is hosting an international colloquium on “La Renta Basica Universal ¿un nuevo enfoque para Latinoamérica?” (Universal Basic Income: A new perspective for Latin America?) on the 30th October 2019.
Featuring participants from Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Guatemala, Mexico and Uruguay, the workshop provides an overview of how the basic income debate is developing in different countries in the region. Participants will also reflect on what (if anything) makes for a distinctive Latin American perspective on universal basic income, and discuss how recent developments in the region affect prospects for introducing it. The colloquium coincides with a legislative proposal for a basic income in Chile, to be introduced by Giorgio Jackson
, Member of the Chilean Parliament for Revolución Democrática
Confirmed participants include:
* Julio Leonidas Aguirre (Argentina)
* José Miguel Busquets (Uruguay)
* Gabriela Cabaña (Chile)
* Paola Carvalho (Brasil)
* Leandro Ferreira (Brasil)
* Giorgio Jackson (Chile)
* Julio Linares (Guatemala)
* Rubén Lo Vuolo (Argentina)
* Ricardo Marquisio (Uruguay)
* Leticia Morales (Chile)
* Carolina Pérez Dattari (Chile)
* Corina Rodríguez Enríquez (Argentina)
* Pablo Yanes (México)
The Regional Conference on Women in Latin America and the Caribbean has recently produced a report in which it recommends a universal and unconditional basic income as one measure to promote the equality and autonomy of women.
The Thirteenth Regional Conference on Women in Latin America and the Caribbean, organized by the United Nations’ Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC), was held in Montevideo, Uruguay from October 25-28. It brought together politicians and policy researchers with expertise in the rights and welfare of women in the region.
In the 150-page report titled “Equality and women’s autonomy in the sustainable development agenda”, conference participants discuss their policy recommendations to ensure the equality, autonomy, and empowerment of women.
While the report covered a wide range of policy areas, its section on women’s economic equality and independence is particularly noteworthy for Basic Income News–since, in addition to other reforms, it clearly recommends a universal and unconditional basic income (cf. pp. 50-51).
The report notes that women often “face the most vulnerable and precarious [economic] situations” and thus stand to benefit considerably from a basic income (p. 50).
Summarizing the impact of basic income, the authors write:
While the basic income would not resolve all the problems caused by inequality and the sexual division of labour (as this would require broader structural reform covering different variables), it would have some positive effects, including: (i) increasing women’s freedom by giving them economic independence; (ii) reducing the feminization of poor households; (iii) distributing domestic and care work better, as a basic income would increase women’s bargaining power. In addition, women would gain not only in economic terms but also in terms of rights and autonomy (Raventós and Wark, 2016). The introduction of a universal basic income for women would have at least three further outcomes: (i) a more balanced distribution of resources; (ii) recognition of gender equality by guaranteeing a basic income for both sexes; (iii) enhancing women’s individuality and hence the possibility of furthering women’s representation.
A minimum wage policy, coupled with a basic income policy, would create synergy, helping to increase women’s economic autonomy and to improve distributive equality in countries of the region; in turn, this would contribute to sustainable development (p. 51).
In addition to basic income and a minimum wage, the report calls for a reduction in work hours, which would permit more women to balance employment with domestic work, while also allowing men to devote greater time to childrearing, housework, and so forth.
Elsewhere in the report, while summarizing a range of programs to combat poverty, the authors mention (in passing) “the possibility of recognizing the right to a guaranteed basic income as a new human right” (p. 41).
This is not the first time in recent months that ECLAC has recommended a basic income. In its position document released in May, ECLAC encouraged its member states to investigate the possibility of adopting a basic income guarantee (here presented chiefly as a response to technologically-driven unemployment and instability). The commission’s recommendations have been instrumental in the movement in Mexico City to secure a basic income as a constitutionally-recognized right.
In past years, ECLAC has also been a participant at BIEN’s biennial Congress (2014) and released a report specifically on basic income (2010).
Reviewed by Robert Gordon.
Photo CC BY-NC-ND 2.0 World Bank Photo Collection.
The Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC), an official body of the Secretariat of the United Nations, has acknowledged the need for its member states to investigate a basic income guarantee.
ECLAC made its recommendation in a passage in the “Epilogue” to its position document Horizons 2030: Equality at the Center of the Sustainable Development, released in May at the thirty-sixth session of ECLAC:
At the domestic level, countries must universalize social protection and the provision of education and health services to generate proactive —rather than merely defensive— responses to the uncertainty caused by globalization and the technology revolution. Public and private stakeholders have a better understanding today of the importance of ensuring a decent minimum income to provide social stability during the inevitable transition to robotics, which will hit employment hard (p 76).
Horizons 2030 was presented to ECLAC’s member states as a framework for “advancing towards a new development pattern … geared to achieving equality and environmental sustainability.”
In recent interviews, Executive Secretary Alicia Bárcena has emphasized ECLAC’s commitment to focusing on basic income as one of its key new issues.
ECLAC plans to continue to research basic income over the next few years, and to encourage discussion and debate about the subject in Latin America and the Caribbean.
Photo of Alicia Bárcena CC Josef Kandoll Wepplo / World Economic Forum (via Wikimedia Commons).
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Summary: Latin America as laboratory for conditional cash transfers, fast becoming the hegemonic social-protection paradigm for the Global South. In a comparative survey, Lena Lavinas reveals the CCT model as a strategy for the financialization—not abolition—of poverty. The conclusion of the article compares CCTs to UCTs (Unconditional Cash Transfers).
Lena Lavinas, “21st Century Welfare,” New Left Review Vol. 84, November/December 2013.