Cost of Living: An interview with basic income documentarians

Cost of Living: An interview with basic income documentarians

A new film is hoping to answer the question of whether life itself should be subsidized. Directors Sean Blacknell and Wayne Walsh have produced a new documentary “The Cost of Living” which discusses the mental and physical burden placed on those with unstable incomes and whether basic income is the right remedy.

The film interviews many prominent basic income scholars, such as Guy Standing and Barb Jacobson. It is focused on the issues specifically facing the United Kingdom, where there are “3.5 million people in ‘in-work poverty.’” With the arrival of COVID-19, the film-makers argue the discussion about basic income is even more pertinent than ever. 

The filmmakers expressed that many of the current programs in the UK are failing to rise to the moment with extreme distress around the country, such as the universal credit which they called “dehumanizing.” 

“You have to prove you are deserving,” Blacknell said. 

Steve Botrill, the deputy chief executive of Urban Outreach Bolton, is interviewed in the documentary. He said that much of the current stress on the poor in the UK is due to reductions in benefits and more stringent conditions placed on social services.

As a result, Botrill said that this is a cause for the “astronomical” growth of food banks in the UK in recent years.

In the documentary, it is argued that much of a person’s wealth is dependent on luck, such as where a person is born. 

Initially, the film was going to take a broad look at social programs, but narrowed to basic income as they moved forward. In the long-run, the filmmakers noted that this discussion around basic income will continue to be important because of the changing economic and technology trends around the world. 

However, the filmmakers emphasized that after interviewing many scholars they do not believe basic income is a “panacea” on its own. By interviewing a wide range of viewpoints, they hoped to create a “more nuanced take” on basic income.

With new spikes of COVID-19 around the world, Wayne and Blacknell hope the film can reach a wider audience to facilitate this debate. It is now available on Amazon Prime for streaming.

「解放我們的想像力」:台灣舉行首次基本收入遊行

「解放我們的想像力」:台灣舉行首次基本收入遊行

台灣在12月13日進行了有史以來第一次的基本收入大遊行,吸引了超越 100 名參與者在台灣立法院前集會。現任和前任立法委員參加了這場由 UBI Taiwan 舉辦的首場遊行,呼籲對青年紅利進行更多討論,並保障所有台灣人享有基本生計的權利。

台灣民眾黨著名的立法委員蔡壁如在立法院前的遊行開幕式上致辭。她說,參加集會是因為她想表達對「勇敢」說話的台灣年輕人的支持。蔡討論了使用碳稅和紅利來邁向基本收入的可能性。

「今天參加基本收入遊行時,我看到年輕的朋友站起來。他們勇於支持一個容易被誤解的新想法」她說。

按照基本收入全球網(BIEN)對基本收入的定義是:定期現金付款,無條件地交付給所有人,無需經濟審查或工作要求。

UBI Taiwan 於 2016 年非正式開始,於 2018 年正式成立。到目前為止,該組織舉辦了三屆國際研討會,並編寫了多份白皮書,分析了實現基本收入的方法。最近,UBI Taiwan 發布了一份白皮書,主張緊急基本收入,並於 2020 年初與立法委員開會,討論將現金移轉納入台灣紓困振興方案的可能性。

組織者說,遊行的三個主要訴求是:保障基本生活權,保護經濟安全感,防止在職家庭陷入低薪工作。 

隨著全球大流行病的持續蔓延,台灣在 200 天內未經歷本土傳播,因此集會得以不受限制地進行。儘管如此,遊行組織者表示,由大流行引起的經濟不確定性為台灣的基本收入討論創造了新的急迫性。儘管預計今年總體增長溫和,但台灣受到全球經濟衰退的不均衡影響,對低收入家庭的傷害尤其嚴重。 

前立法委員以及前台南縣縣長蘇煥智在遊行中說,促進基本收入制度將幫助年輕人增加選擇工作的靈活性和機會,還將幫助失業者保持尊嚴。

台灣綠黨秘書長張竹芩說:基本收入「為每個人提供了普遍保護,減輕了剝削和勞累的困境。」張說,台灣目前具有嚴格條件和資格的社會福利制度並不適合迅速變化的現代時代。

張說:「當人們不再需要擔心自己的基本必需品時,他們可以為自己的生活制定長遠的計畫,並且可以從事更具創造性的公共福利工作。」

蔡認為,許多對基本收入的批評是三十年前台灣開始實行早期的社會福利制度時提出的。當時,許多人擔心社會福利將使政府破產。不過,她說社會福利並不是台灣政府浪費金錢的地方。

「最大的問題是,政府浪費金錢來建造許多大型和不合適的建築項目和未使用的政府建築物。這些浪費的項目增加了債務並損害了自然環境,」蔡說。

為了幫助公眾了解台灣面臨的問題,集會包括對公眾進行基本收入教育的攤位,分享與基本收入和全球基本收入運動有關的真實故事,以及供公眾討論有關以上內容的開放空間和基本收入與未來的技術驅動型經濟。

在遊行之前,來自世界各地的著名基本收入學者向台灣發送了他們的建議和良好祝愿,這其中包括基本收入全球網主席 Sarath Davala。他說,他希望台灣的基本收入遊行成為該地區其他國家的「榜樣」。

Davala 說:「在台灣舉行的遊行表明,UBI Taiwan運動已走到了多麼強大,它有能力提供和影響政府採用這種創新體系。」

倫敦大學教授 Guy Standing 說,疫情帶來的後果表明:「社會的復原力以及我們個人的復原力將取決於社會中最弱小的群組的復原力。 」

Standing 說:「現在是基本收入運動和基本收入製度的時刻。勇敢的政客們必須抓住這個機會,迎來一個更美好的社會。

對於蔡壁如來說,台灣第一次的基本收入遊行,正展開更多關於如何重新構想台灣社會的未來。她討論了基本收入如何可以緩解台北市高房價的問題,並引起人工智能的位移,同時鼓勵更多的創業精神 。

就全球開始的巨大變化,蔡說:「世界總是在變化,我們的想像力需要解放。」

UBI Taiwan 理事長羅泰(Tyler Prochazka)上台討論了他為何在台灣推廣基本收入。 在美國的爾布萊特計畫之下,他在 2016 年開始在國立政治大學研究台灣實行基本收入的可行性。

「我真的相信台灣有機會實現基本收入,從而開拓台灣年輕人的未開發潛力。」羅說。

翻譯:賴君怡,UBI Taiwan

「解放我們的想像力」:台灣舉行首次基本收入遊行

‘Liberate our imagination’: Taiwan holds first basic income march

Taiwan held its first-ever basic income march on Sunday, attracting over 100 participants to rally in front of Taiwan’s Legislative Yuan. Current and former legislators joined the march led by UBI Taiwan, calling for greater discussion of a youth dividend and guaranteeing the right to a basic livelihood for all Taiwanese.

A prominent national legislator in Taiwan People’s Party, Tsai Pi-ru, gave a speech at the opening of the march in front of the Legislative Yuan. She said she attended because she wanted to show her support for Taiwan’s young people who are “bravely” speaking out. Tsai discussed the possibility of using a carbon tax and dividend as a step toward basic income.

“While participating in the basic income parade today, I saw young friends stand up. They are courageous to stand up for a new idea that is easily misunderstood,” she said.

National legislator from Taiwan People’s Party Tsai Pi-ru addresses the rally outside of the Legislative Yuan in Taipei, Taiwan. Photo: Lin Yen Ting / UBI Taiwan 攝影:林彥廷 / 台灣無條件基本收入協會

UBI Taiwan informally began in 2016 and was formally established in 2018. In that time, the group has held three international conferences and produced multiple white papers analyzing methods for implementing basic income. Most recently, UBI Taiwan released a white paper advocating for an emergency basic income, meeting with legislators in early 2020 to discuss the possibility of including cash transfers in Taiwan’s stimulus measures.

The organizers said there were three main demands of the march: guarantee the right to basic subsistence, protect a sense of economic security, and prevent working families from being trapped in low-paying jobs. 

As the global pandemic continues to rage on, Taiwan has not experienced a local transmission for over 200 days which allowed the rally to take place without restrictions. Nonetheless, march organizers said the economic uncertainty caused by the pandemic created a new urgency for the basic income discussion in Taiwan. Despite expecting modest growth overall this year, Taiwan has experienced uneven effects from the global downturn which disproportionately harmed low-income families. 

Marchers walk near Taipei Main Station in Taipei, Taiwan. Photo: Lin Yen Ting / UBI Taiwan 攝影:林彥廷 / 台灣無條件基本收入協會

Former national legislator and magistrate of Tainan county Su Huan-chih said at the march that promoting the basic income system will help young people increase their flexibility and opportunities in choosing jobs, and will also help the unemployed maintain their dignity.

The General-Secretary of Taiwan’s Green Party Rita Jhang said basic income “provides universal protection for every person, alleviating the plight of exploitation and overwork.” Jhang said Taiwan’s current social welfare system with strict conditions and qualifications is not well suited for the rapidly changing modern era.

“When people no longer have to worry about their basic necessities, they can make longer-term plans for their lives and they can engage in more creative and public welfare work,” Jhang said.

According to Tsai, many of the criticisms against basic income were made 30 years ago when Taiwan began implementing its early social welfare system. At the time, she said many were worried social welfare would bankrupt the government. But welfare is not the area where Taiwan’s government is wasting money, she said.

“The biggest problem is that the government wastes money to build a lot of large and improper construction projects and unused government buildings. These wasteful projects create debt and harm the natural environment,” Tsai said.

To help educate the public on the issues facing Taiwan, the rally included booths to educate the public on basic income, share real stories related to basic income and the global basic income movement, as well as an open space for the public to discuss questions about basic income and the future tech-driven economy.

Prior to the march, prominent basic income scholars from around the world sent their advice and well wishes to Taiwan including Sarath Davala, the chairman of Basic Income Earth Network. Davala said that he hopes the basic income march in Taiwan becomes an “example” for other countries in the region.

“The march that is being organized in Taiwan is a sign of how strong the UBI Taiwan movement has come to and it has the capacity to provide and influence the government to adopt this innovative system,” Davala said.

University of London Professor Guy Standing said in his video address to Taiwan’s march that the pandemic has shown “the resilience of society and the resilience of all of us as individuals will depend on the resilience of the weakest members of society.” 

“Now is the moment for a basic income movement and a basic income system. Brave politicians must take this opportunity and usher in a better society,” Standing said.

A rally outside the Legislative Yuan kicked off Taiwan’s basic income march. Photo: Lin Yen Ting / UBI Taiwan 攝影:林彥廷 / 台灣無條件基本收入協會

For Tsai, Taiwan’s first basic income march was a starting point for a larger conversation about how to reimagine Taiwan’s society for the future. She discussed how basic income could help address the problems of Taipei’s high housing prices and the displacement caused by Artificial Intelligence, while encouraging greater risk-taking and entrepreneurship. 

“The great changes in the world start from small places. The world is always changing, and our imagination needs to be liberated,” Tsai said.

UBI Taiwan Chairman Tyler Prochazka took the stage to discuss why he has advocated for basic income in Taiwan. Prochazka moved from the United States to Taiwan in 2016 under a Fulbright proposal of studying the feasibility of basic income in Taiwan.

“I truly believe there is a real possibility to implement basic income in Taiwan and open up the unrealized potential among Taiwan’s young people,” Prochazka said.

Basic income trial shows ‘poignant’ stories

Basic income trial shows ‘poignant’ stories

A three-year-long project documenting the impact of a small basic income trial in the United States is entering its final stages before release. Director Conrad Shaw said the goal of this project was not solely about what a permanent basic income system would look like, but more so a means to “explore what people do with extra unconditional cash.” 

Aside from the financial struggles in the early stages, Shaw appreciates the series of events that occurred, which allowed the project to be illustrative of what a real basic income might look like in a crisis. Whether it be the hurricanes or the ongoing pandemic, a string of “scenarios” presented themselves and provided the perfect conditions to see where basic income can really make an impact during uncertain times.

“It’s just crazy how things lined up in the last several years, to give a lot of very poignant case studies,” he said.

The most dramatic changes Shaw’s team observed were the participant’s relationships and their psyche. Other than the day-to-day differences, the boost in self-confidence and change in their whole demeanor at the end of the trial held the most significance to Conrad.

“There’s an element of confidence that comes along with just being able to try what you want to try, to be able to take those shots,” Shaw said when asked to elaborate on the psychological effects the participants experienced. He said basic income allowed people to feel like they have always got a way to plan and move forward. 

“People felt free to pursue the things that they wanted to for a very long time,” he said. 

An important aspect of making the cash “unconditional” was to make sure the process was not something participants did not have to jump through hoops or constantly think about. They also wanted to make sure the recipients were not only using the money to pay for health care. 

When asked about what he would do differently and what his future projects would be, Shaw said he wished there is more political movement on basic income going forward. He said he was disappointed that presidential candidate Andrew Yang was not able to take his basic income policy further in the Democratic primary. 

While Shaw said the passage of basic income will be highly influenced by the political climate, he said he hopes that future work can evaluate the possible combined impact of universal health care and basic income when provided together.

Nonetheless, Shaw said he wanted to come at the project from a neutral academic view by choosing participants from a wide array of backgrounds across the United States. He said the project was a success in that it demonstrated the possibly life-changing effects of basic income for some recipients while leaving it up to the audience to interpret the results. 

“The sort of the transition between before and during and after basic income was very dramatic; they were in a very different place after than when than one they started so you know, just objectively it seemed like a pretty significant potentially permanent sort of change,” Shaw said.

Basic income is an ‘investment’ in the future

Basic income is an ‘investment’ in the future

In the current turbulent times, there is a fierce debate emerging how cities should adjust to rapidly changing economic and technological trends. Smart City Education Inside invited two experts to discuss the prospect of cash transfers to enhance sustainability and provide equitable educational opportunities for students.

Smart City Online Education Inside is a joint project between the Digital Education Institute, III, and the Talent Circulation Alliance. Under the supervision of the Bureau of Industrial Development Taiwan, the project launched a series of panel and keynote speaking events for those interested in education technology, sustainable learning, and sustainable society.

On Tuesday (8/11), Mr. Ameya Pawar, who had served two terms on the Chicago City Council and was the first Asian and Indian American elected to major office in Illinois, shared his presentation “Dignity, Decency, and Agency: The Case for Universal Basic Income.” Income inequality, wealth inequality, and decades of policies favoring wealthy corporations and big banks over working people, drew him to the idea of Universal Basic Income (UBI).

Pawar believes that every aspect of society is impacted by inattention to poverty, it is necessary to invest in mitigating it at both the national and local level.

“What leads us to believe that people will do something wrong or bad or do less if we help them a little bit?” Pawar asked. “To achieve sustainability, people need to have built-in resilience,” he said.

In response to the idea that giving cash may make people less willing to work, Pawar said that research has shown that is not the case. “Giving people money does not change the fact that people, as human beings, want to be productive; instead, it gives people more choices and breathing room in their lives,” he said.

On Thursday (8/13), we invited Mr. Sean Kline, who is the Systems Entrepreneur in Residence with RSA Future of Work Center, to share his presentation “Child Focused Development in the Digital Era.”

Kline believes, as services and technology become the dominant drivers of the economy, some segments of the population have been left behind. That’s why, a more modern and robust social safety net is needed to help transition and adapt to this rapid technological change is needed. While the government is putting tremendous conditions on how low-income families use public benefits, it is capable of giving people money in the form of large tax deductions. These unequal requirements demonstrate trust for one group and mistrust for the other. In fact, unconditional cash is administratively easier to deliver especially if it is provided universally.

With children being an important focus of Kline’s work, he suggests that lacking investment in children not only shapes their life’s trajectory, but shapes the trajectory of potential economic growth for society as a whole. Sharing examples of universal children’s saving accounts, baby bonds, and basic income and how they have benefited children, he believes that these are the primary methods to support children universally in the digital age.

See the original post on the Talent Circulation Alliance.