Interviews; Opinion

INTERVIEW: Finland, basic income, and the government’s schizophrenia

The new centre-right government coalition in Finland committed to run a basic income pilot project. It is however unlikely that a pure unconditional basic income has any chance to be experimented, says BIEN Finland‘s chairman Otto Lehto in this interview.

The Basic income community worldwide is getting excited about the Finnish government’s commitment to launch a basic income experiment. Are you enthusiastic too?

We have certainly reached a historical point. For the first time, in the general elections of April 2015, the majority of the MP’s in the Finnish Parliament have expressed their support, ranging from mild to strong, for basic income. This data derives from the answers given by candidates during the last election. The majority of the Finnish public has also expressed its support for the idea. This is the result of many years of active public debate and discussion, including our much-publicized but ultimately unsuccessful citizen’s initiative campaign (2013).


Otto Lehto

The new government, led by Prime Minister Juha Sipilä from the Centre Party, has committed itself to setting up a pilot project for basic income. However, premature enthusiasm should be dampened by realism. For one, it is not entirely clear whether people understand the term in the same way. Many MP’s support a BIG that is conditional, means-tested and non-universal.

Secondly, there are elements in the government, including powerful ministers, who oppose UBI and will undoubtedly do their best to abort, or at least water down, the pilot experiment.

So there are reasons to be optimistic but also reasons to worry about the outcome.

How will this pilot project be conducted?

The government hasn’t announced the details yet. The public announcements have been sparse. The government should roll out more details in the coming months. In the past, Prime Minister Sipilä has expressed his support for a regional study conducted under the advice of experts.

Has the Centre Party of Finland been a strong basic income supporter in the past?

The party has traditionally been in support of a basic income or a negative income tax, at least since the 1990’s. However, unlike the Greens and the Left Alliance, who have quite detailed calculations, the Centre Party has never specified what kind of a basic income model it supports. In addition, the party has been quiet on the issue for a long time. The youth wing of the party, however, has been working together with BIEN Finland to advocate for a proper Basic Income.

Support for the basic income renewed itself in the party since september 2014, after the new party leader Prime Minister Sipilä, expressed his support for setting up a pilot project in Finland. At the same time, the influential think tank Sitra funded a report by Tänk (November 2014), which provided a roadmap for setting up a pilot project for BIG.

These developments have led to this point. However, the leaders of the party are still divided on whether this should be a proper BIG or a means-tested, conditional form of BIG.

How about the other parties involved in the current governing coalition ?

The other government coalition parties (the True Finns and the National Coalition Party) are equally divided on the issue, so it is unclear on whether a “pure” Unconditional Basic Income has any chance of even being tried. The current leadership of those parties is unfortunately quite opposed to the idea, or at least suspicious of it, even though there are many supporters in the rank and file members of the two parties.

So, although the Centre Party has managed to include the basic income pilot project into the government’s agenda, it is not very high on the list of priorities for the other coalition parties.

And, to complicate matters, the new government has expressed its intention to increasing the work requirement of social security in order to reduce the costs of the welfare system, while at the same time pushing for a basic income experiment! The same ambivalence is reflected in their statements released to the media. The schizophrenic push and pull between these mutually incompatible goals — piloting an unconditional basic income and simultaneously increasing the conditionality of social security benefits – makes predicting the future difficult.

In this context, how will BIEN Finland stand?

The BIEN Finland network has strong existing connections to many of the opposition parties (including the Green Party and the Left Alliance, which are both strong supporters of basic income). Due to accidents of history, we have weaker connections to the government coalition parties, with the exception of a handful of MP’s, think tanks and the youth wing of the Center Party, so we have had little influence on the planning of the basic income pilot project.

Nonetheless, we will continue to proactively offer our expertise to the government. We will follow the developments as they happen, and inform the European network as soon as we know more about the upcoming pilot program.

Thank you Otto!

Credit picture: CC Aaronigma

About Stanislas Jourdan

Stanislas Jourdan has written 43 articles.


The views expressed in this Op-Ed piece are solely those of the author and do not necessarily represent the view of Basic Income News or BIEN. BIEN and Basic Income News do not endorse any particular policy, but Basic Income News welcomes discussion from all points of view in its Op-Ed section.


  • Concerned citizen

    It’s not continental Finland but the autonomous zone of Åland that has voiced its support for basic income. I’m willing to bet that the whole experiment will be in Åland:

    • The Åland case shouldn’t be confused with this. The national government of Finland has expressed its support for the basic income experiment on the mainland. I highly doubt that it will be in the island of Åland (exclusively, at least), since PM Sipilä and the think tanks Sitra & Tänk have been talking about either 1) regional experiments on the mainland, or 2) cross-sectional experiments across the whole country. But the details are indeed forthcoming, so anything is possible.

  • Terry Schon

    UBI is revolutionary. Should the experiment succeed and it is proven that ordinary people will innovate and work hard if they are only given the security, foundation and freedom to do so….Those that take great pleasure creating poverty, suppression and servitude in order to aggrandize themselves will lose their place in the world. Basically, the parasitical central banking system and all those institutions and individuals that share in the feeding that bleeds the rest of us dry.

  • buno

    Here in Brazil we hava a basic income program called “bolsa familia” altough many say it did eliminate de misery an poverty this is simply not true. The governament tax, regulate and spend tatics destroyed the nations industry, inflaction is 1% A MOUTH!! And the situation is about to get a lot worse. Thanks to de “wellfare state” we have the “geração nem nem” It means young people 18 to 25 that does not study nor have job. The money should flow without regulation naturaly by the market laws and not stolen from all to beefit a political class that will use this mechanism to get elected, eventualy.

  • Finland s government is interested for three reasons, according to Olli Kangas, who s designing the research experiment.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.