A short history of BIEN

A short history of BIEN

The origins: an idea, a collective, a prize. In the Autumn of 1983, Paul-Marie Boulanger, Philippe Defeyt and Philippe Van Parijs, three young researchers attached to the departments of demography, economics and philosophy of the University of Louvain (Belgium) decided to set up a working group in order to explore the implications of an extremely simple, unconventional but attractive idea which Van Parijs had proposed to call, in a paper circulated in December 1982, “allocation universelle”. The group chose as a collective pseudonym Collectif Charles Fourier. Its main output was a special issue of the Brussels monthly La Revue nouvelle (April 1985). But along the way, it won a prize, with a provocative presentation of the idea and its putative consequences, in an essay competition on the future of work organised by the Brussels-based King Baudouin Foundation.

The first meeting. With the money it thus unexpectedly earned, the Collectif Charles Fourier decided to organise a meeting to which they would invite a number of people to whom the idea of an Unconditional Basic Income had, they gradually discovered, independently occurred. This meeting became the first international conference on Basic Income, convened by Philippe Van Parijs in the university town of Louvain-la-Neuve on 4-6 September 1986, with sixty participants individually invited. It turned out to be quite an extraordinary event, with many seemingly lonely fighters suddenly discovering a whole bunch of kin spirits. They included, among others, Gunnar Adler-Karlsson, Jan-Otto Andersson, Yoland Bresson, Paul de Beer, Alexander de Roo, Rosheen Callender, Nic Douben, Marie-Louise Duboin, Gérard Roland, Ian Gough, Pierre Jonckheere, Bill Jordan, Greetje Lubbi, Annie Miller, Edwin Morley-Fletcher, Claus Offe, Hermione Parker, Riccardo Petrella, David Purdy, Guy Standing, Robert van der Veen, Georg Vobruba and Tony Walter.

A network is born. At the final session of the conference, several participants expressed the wish that some more permanent association be created, with the task of publishing a regular newsletter and organising regular conferences. Guy Standing proposed calling this association Basic Income European Network, which gathered an easy consensus, since no one could beat the beauty of the corresponding acronym (BIEN, which means “good” in French and Spanish). Its purpose, later enshrined in its Statutes adopted in 1988, was formulated as follows: “BIEN aims to serve as a link between individuals and groups interested in Basic Income, i.e. an income unconditionally granted to all on an individual basis, without means test or work requirement, and to foster informed discussion on this topic throughout Europe”. Peter Ashby (National Council for Voluntaty organisations), Claus Offe (then at the University of Bremen) and Guy Standing (then at the International Labour Organisation) became BIEN’s first chairpersons. Walter Van Trier (then at the University of Antwerp) became secretary, Alexander de Roo (then parliamentary assistant at the European Parliament) treasurer, and Philippe Van Parijs (University of Louvain) newsletter editor, subsequently combined with secretary. Ashby and Offe left as co-chairs in 1988 and were succeeded by Edwin Morley-Fletcher (1988-1998) and Ilona Ostner (1996-2004), jointly with Guy Standing (1986-2008).

Lifeline of the network: the newsletter. In the pre-internet era, the regular dispatching of a printed newsletter formed the very core of the existence of a network. From 1988 to July 2001, BIEN published a printed Newsletter that was sent to fee-paying members three times per year (36 issues). In order to facilitate the management of the subscriptions, the annual membership was replaced by a life membership formula in the Autumn of 1998, The emergence of electronic communication made it possible to intensify and widen the spreading of information. From January 2000 onwards, BIEN News flashes were sent several times per year to a large number of subscribers far beyond BIEN’s membership (138 issues between January 2000 and January 2020, when BIEN adopted a new style of Bulletin). In 1996, BIEN also inaugurated a website. Initially, it did little more than making newsletters and newsflashes available for downloading. It later grew rapidly to provide a wealth of information and resources on Basic Income and the Basic Income movement.

Congresses of growing scope. Starting with the founding conference, BIEN organized a congress every second year, with a growing and increasingly diverse set of participants:

  1. Louvain-la-Neuve, BE (UCLouvain, 4-6 September 1986, convenor: Philippe Van Parijs)
  2. Antwerp, BE (Universitaire Faculteiten St Ignatius, 22-24 September 1988, convenor: Walter Van Trier)
  3. Florence, IT (European University Institute, 19-20 September 1990, convenor: Edwin Morley-Fletcher)
  4. Paris, FR (Université de Paris-Val de Marne, 18-19 September 1992, convenors: Yoland Bresson & & Pierre Lavagne)
  5. London, UK (Goldsmith College, 8-10 September 1994, convenor: Richard Clements)
  6. Vienna, AT (United Nations Centre, 12-14 September 1996, convenors: Lieselotte Wohlgenannt, Michael Tepser & Bernd Marin)
  7. Amsterdam, NL (Universiteit van Amsterdam, 10-12 September 1998, convenors: Robert J. van der Veen, Loek Groot & Paul de Beer)
  8. Berlin, DE (Wissenschaftszentrum Berlin), 6-7 October 2000, convenor: Claus Offe)
  9. Geneva, CH (International Labour Office, 13-14 September 2002, convenor: Guy Standing)
  10. Barcelona, ES (Forum Universal de las Culturas, 19-20 September 2004, convenors: David Casassas & Jose Noguera)

Archive from the early days. Contributions to some of the congresses were published in a number of collective volumes:

  • Anne G. Miller ed. Proceedings of the First International Conference on Basic Income (Louvain-la-Neuve, September 1986). Antwerp: BIEN & London: BIRG, 1988.
  • Walter Van Trier ed. Proceedings of the Second International Conference on Basic Income. (Antwerp, September 1988). Antwerp: BIEN & London: BIRG, 1990
  • Philippe Van Parijs ed., Arguing For Basic Income. Ethical Foundations for a Radical Reform. London & New York: Verso, 1992.
  • Robert J. van der Veen & Loek Groot eds., Basic Income on the Agenda. Policy Options and Political Feasibility, Amsterdam: Amsterdam University Press, 2000.
  • Guy Standing, ed., Promoting Income Security as a Right. Europe and North America, London: Anthem Press, 2004.

Along with a great many other books, papers and reports on Basic Income from before the internet era, the papers presented at BIEN’s first few congresses are kept in BIEN’s Archive at UCLouvain’s Hoover Chair of Economic and Social Ethics, 3 Place Montesquieu, 1348 Louvain-la-Neuve, Belgium.

From a European to a worldwide network. By 2004, 20% of the online subscribers and 25% of BIEN’s life members were from outside Europe. Pressure therefore increased to turn BIEN from a European into a worldwide network. The development of internet communication and of low-cost air travel made this option more realistic. And in January 2004, President Lula signed into law Senator Eduardo Suplicy’s proposal for a “basic citizenship income” for all Brazilians. This finished convincing the sceptics who thought that an Unconditional basic income could only make sense in European countries with a developed welfare state. At the September 2004 congress in Barcelona, BIEN’s executive committee proposed to change the name of the network from “Basic Income European Network” to “Basic Income Earth Network”. This proposal was adopted by BIEN’s General Assembly on 20 September 2004.

Structuring the movement. The newly elected committee undertook to modify and expand the statutes (until then no more than a single page), a new version of which was approved by the General Assembly in 2008. Owing to the growth of the network, the size of the executive committee had to increase, with the managing of the website gaining in importance. The committee of the expanded network was successively co-chaired or chaired by Guy Standing and Eduardo Suplicy (2004-2008), Ingrid van Niekerk (2008-2014), Karl Widerquist (2008-2017), Louise Haagh (2014-2020) and Sarath Davala (2020-). An Advisory Board that includes all past committee members is chaired by Philippe Van Parijs (2004-). In May 2016, the position of general manager was created, the incumbent of which is not elected by the General Assembly but appointed by the Executive Committee. Malcolm Torry has held this position since its creation. In 2016, the network was officialized as an international non-profit organization (AISBL) under Belgian law and two years later turned into a charitable incorporated organization (CIO) under British law, with its official seat moved from Brussels to London, and the statutes amended accordingly.

From biennial to annual congresses. As a result of becoming a worldwide network, BIEN started recognizing national networks outside Europe as affiliates and decided in 2004 to start alternating non-European and European locations for the congress. In 2016, given the increasing popularity of the idea of basic income across the world, it decided to start organizing a congress every year instead of every second year. The Basic Income Earth Network met in the following places:

  1. Capetown, ZA (University of Capetown, 3-4 November 2006, convenor: Ingrid van Niekerk)
  2. Dublin, IE (University College, Dublin, 21-22 June 2008, convenors: Sean Healy & Brigid Reynold)
  3. Sao Paulo, BR (Universidade de São Paulo, 30 June-2 July 2010, convenors: Eduardo Suplicy & Fabio Waltenberg)
  4. Ottobrunn, DE (Wolf-Ferrari Haus, 14-16 September 2012, convenor: Dorothee Schulte-Basta)
  5. Montreal, CA (MacGill University, 27-29 June 2014, convenors: Jurgen De Wispelaere & Daniel Weinstock)
  6. Seoul, KR (Sogang University, 7-9 July 2016, convenor: Hyosang Ahn)
  7. Lisbon, PT (Lisbon School of Economics, 26-27 September 2017, convenor: Roberto Merrill)
  8. Tampere, FI (University of Tampere, 24-26 July 2018, convenor: Jurgen De Wispelaere)
  9. Hyderabad, IN (NALSAR University, 23-26 August 2019, convenor: Sarath Davala)

[20. Brisbane, AU (University of Queensland, 28-30 September 2020, convenors: Troy Henderson & Greg Marston): postponed to 2022 because of the covid19 pandemic]

21. Glasgow, UK (Online, 18-21 August 2021, convenor: Mike Danson)

Providing enthusiasm, imagination, mutual understanding and tenacity keep feeding the worldwide basic income movement, this is only the beginning of BIEN’s history.

Philippe Van Parijs

Research index

BIEN | Research Index Research Posts Research index Congress papers Research depository [ a ]   anarchismin our siteacademic papers anthropologyin our siteacademic papers automationin our site academic papersthe BIS papers[ b...

Congress papers

BIEN 2022, Brisbane

Maria Ozanira da Silva e SilvaTHE “BOLSA FAMÍLIA” PROGRAM AND THE “AUXÍLIO BRASIL” PROGRAM: advances and setbacks in the construction of a Basic Income in Brazil
Fernando FreitasCash transfer with social currency in Brazilian Cities: poverty relief or guaranteed income?
Michael W. HowardBasic income, climate change, and the future of work
Peter T. KnightWhy We are Moving Toward a Federal Universal Basic Income in the United States
Milena KowalskaImpact of unconditional basic income on the individual socio-economic situation of women in Poland
Steven McAteeFunding Basic Income
Iain B MiddletonRealising a Basic Income
Anne MillerThe Definition of Basic Income and Uniformity
Mark O’LearyA Politically Achievable pathway to a Basic Income in Australia
Alina PlitmanCreate vs. Toil: A New Concept of Work
Enno SchmidtGötz Werner Tribute Panel
Jane ScottUBI presentation
Alejandro SewrjuginPhiEconomy’s response to the health, ecological & social crises
leveraging together exponential technologies & the minimum expected income as a balancer for global equality
Dr Jan StroekenBasic income: from redistribution ideology to work as life fulfilment and socio-cultural revolution, and what this means for the implementation strategy
Malcolm TorryA research agenda for Basic Income
Sam Whiting
Creative People, Products and Places (CP3) Research Centre, UniSA Creative, University of South Australia

BIEN 2021, Glasgow

Videos of all plenary sessions are available on youtube. Abstracts of all the concurrent sessions will be published as soon as available. 

BIEN 2019, Hyderabad

Videos of all the plenary sessions are available on youtube. Abstracts of all the concurrent sessions are available here. Full papers and slides of some presentations are available below. 

Joffre BalceFrom Austerity to Prosperity: How Dealing with a Meltdown Can Lead to a Universal Basic Outcome
Diana BashurThe Applicability of Universal Basic Income in Post-Conflict Scenarios: The Syria Case
Sanishtha Bhatia and Tanya RanaImpact of human behaviour on the perception of the government’s Universal Basic Income (UBI) scheme
Peter BrakeImplementation of a Universal Basic Income
Chloe HalpennyA “State” of Possibility? Reconfiguring basic income’s feminist potential through the lens of the state
Michael W. HowardThe Atmospheric Commons and Carbon Dividends: Implications for global and national basic income policies
Aleeza HowittRoadmap to a Government-Independent Basic Income (UBI) Digital Currency
Kristiina HyryläinenFrom Negative Human Concept to Newtural Human Concept
Valerija KorošecUnconditional Basic Individual Universal Child Grant for Belgium following the Slovenian approach
Julio Linares and Gabriela CabañaTowards an ecology of care: Basic Income after the nation-state
Shobana NelascoGrowth versus Development in the light of Universal Basic Income – A focus on India Case
Michael PughCommunity Organising & Basic Income: Reflections from North America
Malcolm TorryResearch and education in the Basic Income debate
Wu GaohuiFrom Technology to Anti-technology: How does Technical Governance Transform the Local Cadre Behaviors in China’s Rural Anti-poverty?

BIEN 2018, Tampere

Papers and presentations from the 2018 BIEN Congress in Tampere, Finland are available below.

Videos of the plenary sessions are viewable on YouTube.

Jan Otto AnderssonFrom Citizen Wage to Basic Income: The Nordic Experience
Jan Otto AnderssonThe global ethical trilemma and basic income
Marc de BasquiatA Universal Basic Income for Social Inclusion
André CoelhoUniversal Basic Income Funded by the People
Odra Delgado and Gerardo VelasquezUniversal Basic Income in the Mexican labour market: Financial sustainability in the context of flexibility, high informality and low-income tax
Anna DentFrom Utopia to Implementation: How Basic Income has progressed from radical idea to legitimate policy solution (presentation)
Bettina DuerrBasic Income Experiments: A Political Feasibility Analysis
Guido Erreygers and John CunliffeWas Basic Income Invented in Belgium in 1848? Exploring the Origins and Continuing Relevance of a Simple Idea 
Fernando FreitasBasic Income in Brazil: Analysis of arguments advocated by Brazilian publications (1975-2017)
Yannick FischerBasic Income, Labour Automation and Migration – An Approach from a Republican Perspective
Susanna Groves and John MacNeilEconomic and Policy Impact Statement – Approaches and Strategies for Providing a Minimum Income in the District of Columbia (presentation)
Dirk von HeinrichshorstHorizon – United Basic Income (white paper) (presentation)
Pertti HonkanenSimulations for Basic Income Experiment in Finland
Michael HowardCosmopolitanism and an ecological basic income
Karen JoostePower, Poverty and Socio-Economic Policy in South Africa
Shari LaliberteYoung people’s perspectives on the meaning and determinants of mental health: Implications for developing & evaluating guaranteed income and inter-sectoral policies
Elina LepomäkiThe Life Account
Mark Lindley and Karan KumarUniversal Basic Income and Ecological Economics
José A. NogueraWhat is the ‘Net Cost’ of a Basic Income? Some Conceptual Problems
Michael OpielkaBasic Income and Guarantism: Why a Basic Income favors the Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) and Social Sustainability
Andrew PercySocial prosperity for the future: A proposal for Universal Basic Services
Carmen García PérezDoes the Right to Basic Income Already Exist? An Overview of the European and Spanish Legal Framework
Bill RaleyThe Citizen’s Dividend (presentation)
Thiago RochaThe Citizen’s Basic Income as a Fundamental Right in the Brazilian Legal System
Charles SampfordPaying for Basic Income: a ‘virtuous’ problem
Scott SantensSocial Media Workshop for Basic Income Advocates
Sabine StadlerThe means tested basic income in Austria, a new right in power
Eugen TornquistBasic Income and the Welfare State
Malcolm TorryBasic Income and Basic Income schemes: definitions and details
Jens WamslerModels for introducing basic income in Denmark (presentation)
Andrew WhiteThe rise of the superstar (digital) economy and the case for a universal basic income (paper)
Karl WiderquistThe Devil’s in the Caveats: A Brief Discussion of the Difficulties of Basic Income Experiments
Gunmin YiHow can basic income activate and encourage labor-managed firms? A two-track strategy for economic democracy

BIEN 2017, Lisbon

Elena Ambuhl, Nicole Teke and Aurélie Hampel (France)Considering basic income through the lens of agriculture: an innovative food policy measure to support fairer and more sustainable food systems
Julio Andrade (South Africa)Implementing a basic income: An income stream through a reconceptualization of data
Helen BlakemanUtopia of the Zero Hour Contract
Eugenio R.Borrallo (Spain)Basic income as a tool to dignify the work of landless peasants
Peter Brake (New Zealand)Implementation of Basic Income
Geoff Crocker (UK)Overcoming the Objection of Affordability of Basic Income – A Radical View
Alexander de Roo (Netherlands)Campaign to get basic income in the Dutch government program
Pablo Fernández del CastilloBasic Income in complementary currency: Thinking outside the box
Andrea Fumagalli (Italy)The correct definition of basic income as primary income: remuneration of life in bio-cognitive capitalism
Katarzyna Gajewska (France)The Future of Work in a Basic Income and Post-Employment System: The Scenario of Peer Production
Karen Glass (Canada)Finding a Better Way: A Basic Income Pilot Project for Ontario
Troy Henderson (Australia)Options for a Basic Income in Australia
Neil Howard (Belgium)Basic Income and the Contemporary Anti-Slavery Movement
Michael W. Howard (USA)Basic Income and Degrowth
Lynn Johnson and Peter Lanius (Australia)Can a Basic Income Stop The Illegal Wildlife Trade?
Jaeseop Kim (South Korea)Basic income pilot project by Korean youth : imagine another world
Marcelo LessaUm passo à frente: Ferramenta econômica acelerando a transformação social
Lowell Manning (New Zealand)Strategies of Communication in the Implementation of Basic Income in New Zealand and its Relationship with the Existing Income Support Structure
Jean-Philippe MartinMitigating technological unemployment through shared work
Bastiaan MeindersBasic Income and the Epistemic Problem of Happiness
Sandra MillerSolving Basic Income’s Most Intractable Problem of Secure Distribution
Annie Miller (UK)A New Poverty Benchmark For Basic Income Schemes
Tadashi Okanouchi (Tokyo)Global Basic Income or Human Heritage Dividend
Maria Ozanira da Silva e Silva (Brazil) and Valéria Ferreira Santos de Almada Lima (Brazil)The Political and Economic Conjuncture in Brazil Post Lula’s and Dilma’s Governments: a step back in the direction of implantation of a Basic Income in Brazil
Bonno Pel (Belgium) and Julia Backhaus (Maastricht University)Realizing Basic Income: shifting claims to expertise in Basic Income advocacy
Lisa Perrone (Australia), Margaret H. Vickers (Australia) and Debra Jackson (UK)Introducing Financial Freedom: What It Can Teach Us about Basic Income
Ville-Veikko Pulkka (Finland)A Free Lunch with Robots – Can a Basic Income Stabilise the Digital Economy?
Marcela Ribeiro de Albuquerque (Brazil), Rogério Mendonça Martins (Brazil)PolíticaLeen_Scholiers_SMart_a_cooperative_for_freelancerss Governamentais de Inclusão Produtiva para a Redução da Pobreza no Brasil
Sonja ScherndlArticle 25 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and Universal Basic Income
Leen ScholiersThe Future of Work and Technological Unemployment
Charles SheredaThe Modern Talent: An Earth-Backed Democratic Digital Currency System
Thaís Amanda Silvestre (Brazil), Carla Maria Freres Stipp (Brazil), e Marcela Ribeiro de Albuquerque (Brazil)Aspectos do Processo de Terceirização no Direito Trabalhista Brasileiro: Precarização de Direitos Fundamentais
Eduardo Suplicy (Brazil)Lectures to the XVII International Conference of the Basic Income Earth Network in Lisbon
Cristian Tod (Austria)Free Lunch Society
John Tomlinson (Australia)When will the BIG wheel turn? Basic Income in Australia
Malcolm Torry (UK)What’s a Definition? And how should we define ‘Basic Income’?
Anikó Vida (Hungary)With or Without Work? The dilemmas surrounding basic income from the perspective of full citizenship
Gunmin Yi (South Korea)The Effects of Basic Income on Labour Supply

This table contains the papers uploaded to the congress website prior to the congress. If other authors submit their papers then they will be added to this list.

Videos are available of many of the congress sessions. Click here to see them.

BIEN 2016, Seoul

The Proceedings of the 2016 congress are contained in a single document, in which can be found plenary session addresses and parallel session papers. Click here to download the document.

BIEN 2014, Montréal

Timothy Roscoe CarterThe One Minute Case for a Basic Income
Malcolm TorryA Basic Income is feasible: but what do we mean by ‘feasible’?
Sarah M. Mah, Yuly ChanGuaranteed Livable Income as the way forward to Abolishing Prostitution
Doctress NeutopiaUniversal Income, Women’s Liberation, and Neutopian Thoughts
Edward James MillerDemand Side Economics And Its Consequence- The National Dividend
Emanuele MurraLimiting Economical Instrumental Action: Basic Income in Habermasian Perspective
Nam Hoon KangBasic Income for Precarious Workers in Korea
Katarzyna GajewskaHow Basic Income Will Transform Active Citizenship? A Scenario of Political Participation beyond Delegation
Sheila RegehrBasic Income and Gender Equality: Reflections on the Potential for Good Policy in Canada
John TomlinsonReal freedom for the filthy rich – precariousness for the rest of us: Why we must fight for a Basic Income
Robert W. Glover, Michael W. HowardA Carrot, Not a Stick: Examining the Potential Role of Basic Income in US Immigration Policy
Maria Ozanira da Silva e SilvaThe Conditionalities Of The Bolsa Família: Its Conservative Face And Limitations To Implement The Citizenship Basic Income In Brazil
Charla VallBuilding On The Basics: Impact And Insights From The Basic Needs Fund

BIEN 2012, Munich

Herbert WilkensBasic Income and Minimum Wages – Temporary or Permanent Complements?
Luis Henrique PaivaThe Bolsa Familia Programme and Basic Income
Ulrich SchachtschneiderEcological basic income: an entry is possible
Joerg DrescherArguing for Basic Income from a Jurisprudential Perspective
Giovanni PerazzoliWhat are the arguments in favor of the Basic Income? Let’s talk about Italy
Philippe van ParijsPersonal reflections on the 14th congress of the Basic Income Earth Network
Baptiste MylondoCan basic income lead to economic degrowth ?
Wolfgang MüllerThe Potential of an Unconditional Basic Income within Social Security Systems in Europe
Gwang-Eun ChoiBasic Income and Deepening Democracy
Jan Otto AnderssonDegrowth with basic income – the radical combination
Tomohiro InoueEconomic Sustainability of Basic Income Under a Citizen-centered Monetary Regime
Bruno Andrioli GalvãoThe good intention and the hard truth of basic income in Brazil
Myron J. FrankmanUniversalizing the Universal Declaration (of Human Rights)
Erik ChristensenA basic income reform as part of the abolition of economic privileges and the creation of a sustainable society
Eduardo Matarazzo SuplicyHow and when will the Brazilian Law that institutes a Citizen’s Basic Income really be fully implemented?
Maria Ozanira da Silva e SilvaThe bolsa família and social protection in brazil: problematizing the conditionalities as limits for the implementation of the citizens’ basic income
Claudia & Dirk HaarmannPiloting Basic Income in Namibia – Critical reflections on the process and possible lessons
Ugo ColombinoDesigning a universal income support mechanism for Italy. An exploratory tour
Leonardo Fernando Cruz BassoSaving the euro: creating social regional currencies, taxes on financial transactions, and minimum income programs
Hayato KobayashiThe Future ofPublic Assistance Reform in Japan:Workfare vs. Basic Income?
Michael W. HowardBasic income, resource taxation, and inequality: Egalitarian reservations about tax shifting
Jens-Eberhard JahnA Basic Income for Rural Areas? A proposal for a strategic realignment of agricultural, social and structure policy within the EU
Malcolm TorryThe political feasibility of a Citizen’s Income in the UK
Richard ParncuttUniversal basic income and flat income tax: Tax justice, incentive, economic democracy
Ronald BlaschkeOpportunities and Risks on the Way to a Basic Income in Germany – a political assessment
Toru YamamoriThe 2011 Great East Japan Earthquake and Basic Income
Reima LaunonenBasic
Johanna PerkiöThe Struggle over Interpretation: Basic Income in the Finnish Public Discussion in 2006-2012
Mikko Jakonen, Jukka Peltokoski, Tero ToivanenOccupy Life! Precarity and Basic Income
Mingull JeungEcological Expansion of Basic Income: Beyond Capitalism
Sascha LiebermannFar, though close : Problems and Prospects of Basic Income in Germany
Erik ChristensenBasic income – A transcultural perspective
Kaori KatadaBasic Income and Feminism: in terms of “the gender division of labor”
Hiroya HiranoThe Potential of introducing Basic Income for the“New Public Commons”in Japan: A Road to Associational Welfare State?
Stanislas JourdanA monetary approach towards an unconditional basic income in Greece
Micheál CollinsEstimating the Cost of a Basic Income for Ireland
Marcia Ribeiro de AlbuquerqueIncome Transfers Policies In Brazil Facing To Recent Global Economic Crisis
Karl Widerquist & Michael HowardAlaska’s Permanent Fund Dividend: Examining Its Suitability as a Model
Nam Hoon KangThe Necessity And Effects Of Ecological Basic Income In Korea
Wouter van GinnekenPoverty, Human Rights And Income Security In Europe
José Luis Rey PérezBasic Income In The Discussion About Human Rights: Right Or Guarantee?
Valerija KorošecBasic Income Proposal in Slovenia
Kelly ErnstThe Basics of an Economic Rights Movement: APublic Economy
Javier Alonso MadrigalBasic Income and the Constitutional Principles of Fiscal Justice
Tadashi OkanouchiTowards Abolition of Wage-Slavery;Perspective to a Non-Violent World Revolution for the Guaranteed Global Basic Income Society, Launching from Elimination of Hunger and Poverty
Vivan StorlundBasic income and the value of work
Rosangela Lodigiani and Egidio RivaCapability Income: A policy proposal in the fight against poverty and social exclusion
Joonas LeppänenBasic Income as Participatory Parity
Anne B Ryan & John BakeReflections on Developing a National Campaign for Basic Income in Ireland
Marina P. Nobrega, Tereza Nakagawa, Francisco G. Nobrega, Eduardo M. SuplicyA Feasible Path to Basic Income in Brazil
Anne MillerA rule-of-thumb Basic Income model for the UK, with and without an earnings/income disregard.
Hamid TabatabaiFrom Price Subsidies to Basic Income: The Iran Model and its Lessons
Valerie TimmUnconditional basic Income – A call for a human right ?
Leon SegersBasic Income & perverted global labour market
Pertti Honkanen & Jouko KajanojaSteps towards Basic Income – Case of Finland
Seán Healy, Michelle Murphy, Seán Ward and Brigid ReynoldsBasic Income – Why and How in Difficult Economic Times: Financing a BI in Ireland
B. Michael Gilroy, Mark Schopf, Anastasia SemenovaBasic Income and Labor Supply: The German Case
Andrea Fumagalli, Cristina MoriniThe Precarity-Trap and Basic Income: the Labour Market in Cognitive Bio-capitalism. The Italian Case
Roisin MulliganUniversal Basic Income and Recognition Theory
Marguit Neumann Gonçalves, Marcela Ribeiro de Albuquerque, Rosalina Lima IzepãoIncubation Of Solidarity Economic Enterprises: The Experiences Of The Incubator Unitrabalho-Universidade Estadual De Maringá-Uemin Paraná State-Brazil
Borja BarraguéThe feasibility of extending the safety net in times of crisis: A view from Spain
Juergen GreinerThe Evolutionary Dimension of Basic Income and its Integration in Society
Nyc LabretšThe Future of Workplace Automation Has Already Arrived

BIEN2010, São Paulo

Borja Barragué 
Michèle Billoré 
Gianluca Busilacchi 

BIEN 2008, Dublin

Borja BarraguéPigovian Taxes, Cap-and-Trade System, or Environmental Adders? A Green Financial Model for a Basic Income
Michèle BilloréNoospheric Ethical/Ecological Constitution for Mankind
Document 1
/ Document 2
Gianluca BusilacchiThe different regimes of minimum income policies in the enlarged Europe
Richard CaputoThe Way Forward – the political dimension
Erik ChristensenA Global Ecological Argument for a Basic Income
William CleggBasic Income-Greater Freedom of Choice Through Greater Economic Security of the Person in a Globalized Economy
Jörg DrescherEconomic view of model proposals for funding a basic income on the basis of the value creation of goods and services
Julieta ElgarteBasic income and the gendered division of labour
Pat EvansChallenging Income (In)security: Women and Precarious Employment
Myron J. FrankmanJustice, Sustainability and Progressive Taxation and Redistribution: The Case for a World-Wide Basic Income
Manuel FranzmannAn Unconditional Basic Income from the Perspective of the Sociology of Religion
Andrea Fumagalli and Stefano LucarelliBasic Income and Counter-power in Cognitive Capitalism
Anca GheausBasic Income, Gender Justice and the Costs of Gender-symmetrical Lifestyles
Áine Uí GhiollagáinBasic income and caring: Why aren’t all caregivers interested in basic income?
Johannes HanelBasic Income and Social Justice
Michael W. HowardCosmopolitanism, Trade, and Global (or Regional) Transfers
Markku IkkalaBasic Income Discussion in Finland
Bill JordanBasic Income and Social Value
Celia Kerstenetzky and Gary DymskiGlobal Basic Income and Financial Globalisation
Celia Kerstenetzky and Lionello PunzoSustainable tourism: basic income for poor communities
Katja KippingMoving to Basic Income – A left-wing political perspective
Richard LawsonIntroducing Basic Income by the Back Door in a Recession
Sascha LiebermannThe German experience of bringing Basic Income into the National Debate
Rubén M. Lo VuoloLabour markets informality and welfare regimes in Latin America. Why Basic Income is better
John MacnicolThe politics of non-contributory pensions
Francisco Javier Alonso Madrigal and José Luis Rey PérezWhat Type of Taxes Demands Basic Income?
Francisco Jose Martinez MartinezDebate on Basic Income in the Spanish Parliament
Gösta MelanderHow a basic income may be achieved politically
Marc MeurisA Basic Income Allowance as a solution for the social unification of the EU
Heiner MichelIs a Global Basic Income a Remedy for Poverty?
Annie MillerDesigning and Costing Simple Basic Income Schemes
James MulvaleThe Debate on Basic Income / Guaranteed Adequate Income in Canada: Perils and Possibilities
Mary Murphy and Orla O’ConnorIs basic income the answer to the feminist demand to individualise Irish social security?
Maria OleynikBasic Income in a Changing Ireland
Ian Gareth OrtonEliminating Child Labour: The Promise of Unconditional Cash Transfers
Ian Gareth OrtonWhy we Ought to Listen to Zygmunt Bauman
Carole PatemanDemocracy, Human Rights and a Basic Income in a Global Era
Eric PatryThe Basic Income Debate in Switzerland: Experiences and Perspectives
Sergio Luiz de Moraes PintoBasic Income and Stakeholder Grants: Jointly Breaking the Long History of Endemic Poverty and Economic Inequality in Brazil
Hugh D. SegalMoving to Basic Income – A Right-Wing Political Perspective
Steven ShafarmanBasic Income and the 2008 Campaign in the United States
Al SheahenThe Rise and Fall of a Basic Income Guarantee Bill in the U.S. Congress
Al SheahenHow the U.S. Can Afford a Poverty-Level Basic Income Guarantee
Maria Ozanira da Silva e SilvaThe Bolsa Família Program and the Reduction of Poverty and Inequality in Brazil
Eduardo Matarazzo SuplicyThe Transition from the Bolsa Família Program to the Citizen’s Basic Income in Brazil
John TomlinsonTimor Leste: Minimum Wages, Job Guarantees, Social Welfare Payments or Basic Income?
Alexander VarshavskyBasic income and increasing income inequality in Russia
Pablo YanesNews from the South: Perspectives on Basic Income in Mexico and Latin America
Almaz ZellekeReconsidering Independence: Foundations of a Feminist Theory of Distributive Justice
Almaz ZellekeShould Feminists Endorse a Basic Income? Institutionalizing the Universal Caregiver through an Unconditional Basic Income
Clóvis Roberto ZimmermannThe Citizenship Principle in Income Transfer Programs in Brazil

BIEN 2006, Cape Town

Karen AllanSocial Security for Children is a Human Right
Christian M. BrutschBetween Universalism and Political Survival: Trade Unions Politics and Economic Security in the Middle East
Richard K. CaputoStanding Polanyi on His Head: The Basic Income Guarantee as a Response to the Commidification of Labor
David CasassasCorporate Watch, Consumer Responsibility, and Economic Democracy:
Forms of Political Action in the Orbit of Basic Income
Maria Ozanira da SilvaThe Scholarship Family Program a national program to universalize income transfer to all poor families in Brazil?
Julieta ElgartaGood for women? Advantages and risks of basic income from a gender perspective
Aart Roukens de LangeSubmission to the Portfolio Committee on Social Development relative to the Taylor Commission Report
Isobel FryeA study of international examples of cash transfer programmes with specific reference to issues of targeting; grant administration; the financing of social security and the potential developmental stimulus of cash transfers.
Japhet GaomabBiblical Justification for Basic Income Grant: The contribution of the silenced voices through a dialogical reading of John 5:1-9
Louise HaaghEquality and Income Security in Market Economies: What’s Wrong with Insurance?
Claudia & Dirk HaarmanWhy a universal income grant needs to be universal: The quest for Economic Empowerment vs. Charity in Namibia
Katharine HallUnder what conditions? Social Security for children in South Africa
Philip HarveyThe Relative Cost of Income and Job Guarantees
Michael HowardA NAFTA Dividend:A proposal for a guaranteed minimum income for North America
Karen KallmannTowards a BIG paradigm shift: A rights based approach to poverty alleviation
Bishop Dr. Z. KameetaA Basic Income Grant in Namibia: A response by the needy
Cons KaramataEffects of free trade on Namimbian Workers – Is BIG part of the solution?
Nanna KildalUniversal old age pensions: Arguments at time of introduction in Canada, Mauritius and Norway
Margaret LegumGrowth and the Basic Income Grant
Irkus LarrinagaBasic Income for immigrants too
Michael LewisThe Cost of Caring: The Impact of Caring for the Elderly on Women’s Wages
Sascha LiebermannPolitical Communities – Constituents of Universalism
Jennifer MaysAustralia’s Disabling Income Support System
Anna McCordAre Public Works an alternative to a Basic Income Grant?
Charles MethImplications of the impossibility of defining vulnerability among children in a theoretically rigorous way
Thabisile MsezaneFaith Community support for a Basic Income Grant
Eric PatryWhy Switzerland? Basic Income and the Development Potential of Swiss Republicasim
Michael SamsonUniversalism Promotes Development: Evidence from Southern Africa’s Social Transfers
Fabian SchuppertJustice and Income for All? The Limits of Political Reality for a Truly Universal Basic Income.
Guy StandingIncome Security: Why Unions should campaign for a basic income
Guy StandingHow a Basic Income is Working in Africa
Sen. Eduardo SuplicyThe possible Transition from the Bolsa-Famlia Program towards the Citizen’s Basic Income or The Political Difficulties and Budget Obstacles to Implement the Basic Income in Brazil
John TomlinsonAustralia: Basic Income and Decency
Robert van der VeenGift-sharing as the Basis of Real Freedom for All
Hubertus von HeynitzBasic Income Model for SA confronted by an AIDS Pandemic
Monika WallmonBasic Income beyond Wage Slavery: In search of transcending political aesthetics
Karl WiderquistProperty Rights by General Agreement
Pablo YanesUniversal Citizen’s Pension in Mexico City: An Opportunity for Debate on Basic Income
ClÛvis Roberto ZimmermannThe Brazilian social programs under the human rights perspective:
The case of the Family Scholarship (Bolsa FamÌlia) Program of LULA`s government

BIEN 2004, Barcelona

Antoni DomènechBasic Income and the Present Threats to Democracy
Eri Noguchi & Michael A. LewisBasic Income: A Basic Condition of a Better Society?
Irkus LarrinagaBasic Income and the Requirement of Impartiality in Deliberative Processes
Karl WiderquistFreedom as the Power to Say No
Philip HarveyA Comparative Assessment of Basic Income Proposals and Proposals to Secure the
Right to Work and Income Support
Martin Watts & William MitchellA Comparison of the Macroeconomic Consequences of Basic Income and Job
Guarantee Schemes
Guy StandingWhy the Right to Work Requires a Basic Income
José A. NogueraCitizens or Workers? Basic Income vs. Activation Policies
Jeffrey J. SmithCan Rents Fund an Extra Income for Everyone?
Charles BazlintonThe Dangers of a Basic Income Without Land Value Taxation
Malcom GreenCosmic Accounting: A New Energy Economic System of Basic Income
Ada Ávila AssunçãoWhen Income Transfer is Not Able to Eradicate the Practice of Working in Pernicious
Environments. A Case Study of the Bolsa Escola Program
Maria Ozanira da Silva e SilvaFrom a Minimum Income to a Citizenship Income: the Brazilian Experiences
Elenise SchererProgramme on Elimination of Child Labour in Brazil: Reinforcing Poverty and Denying Human Rights
Araceli Brizzio de la HozChild Labour, a Contemporary Form of Slavery
María Julia BertomeuProperty and Basic Income
Simon Eli BirnbaumReal Freedom and the Challenge of Structural Subordination
Julieta Magdalena ElgarteNon-domination, Real Freedom and Basic Income
Hans HarmsPrecariousity versus Flexicurity
Joel F. HandlerThe False Promise of Workfare: Another Reason for Basic Income Guarantee
Felicia KornbluhIf the Goods have Ceased to Be Urgent, Where Is the Fraud? The Work Ethic in the History of the Basic Income in the U.S.A.
Jorn LoftagerThree Third Ways
Erik ChristensenWelfare Discourses in Denmark Seen in a Basic Income Perspective
Myron J. FrankmanAmple Room at the Top: Financing a Basic Income
Jean Pierre MonSocial Money for Financing Basic Income
Eduardo Calderón & Óscar ValienteBasic Income as a Policy to Fight Child Poverty
Horacio Levy & othersChild Poverty and Family Assistance in Southern Europe
Michael HowardBasic Income and Migration Policy: A Moral Dilemma?
Luis BellvisBasic Income, Information Society and the Info-Poors
Nicoli NattrassThe Challenge for Basic Income Posed by AIDS: Why an Incremental Approach Is
Inadequate in South Africa
Jose Luis Rey PérezA New Gender Perspective for Basic Income?
Manfred FuellsackBI as a ‘Medium’? An Un-ethical Approach to the BI Debate
Ilkka VirjoDoes Minimum Income Have Negative Incentive Effects on the Young?
Christian BrütschFrom Decent Work to Decent Lives?
Jaione Mondragón & Amaia IzaolaThe Making of the Programs Against Social Exclusion in the Basque Country: From Cash Benefits to Overcoming Job Insertion
Brigid Reynolds & Sean HealyIntroducing a Basic Income System Category by Category in Ireland
Rafael Pinilla & Luis SanzoIntroducing a Basic Income System in Spain – Feasibility and Cost
Lena LavinasExceptionality and Paradox: Basic Income and Minimum Income Schemes in Brazil
Cláudio da Rocha RoquetePerspectives for Basic Income in Brazil + powerpoint presentation
Jorge Iván Bula & Diego F. HernándezMoving Away from Conditioned Subsidy Towards Universal Basic Income
Clovis ZimmermanBasic Food Income in Low Income Countries
Loek Groot &
Robert J. Van der Veen
Why Launch a Basic Income Experiment
Jordi Arcarons, Samuel Calonge, Daniel Raventós & José A. NogueraThe Financial Feasibility and Redistributive Impact of a Basic Income in Catalonia
Axel Marx & Hans PeetersWin for Life. What, If Anything, Happens After the Introduction of a Basic Income?
Jurgen De Wispelaere &
Lindsay Stirton
The Administration of Universal Welfare
Jens-Eberhard JahnProblems of a Programmatic UBI Debate in the German Party of Democratic
Jose Luis Rey PérezA Juridical View on Basic Income
Richard K. CaputoEqualization of Meeting Needs vs. Equalization of Income Distribution: Reconsiderations of Basic Income & Economic Justice in Light of Van Parijs and Zucker
Toru YamamoriBasic Income and Capability Approach: On Recognition and Deconstruction for
Cristian Pérez MuñozBasic Income vs Market
Coordinators/Chairs: Àlex Boso, Sergi Raventós & Yannick VanderborghtDo Trade Unions Represent an Obstacle to the Introduction of a Basic Income? Lessons from the Belgian, Canadian and Dutch debates
Commentary by Juan González (Central de Trabajadores de Argentina)
Commentary by Iñaki Uribarri (ILP promoter – Member of ESK, Spain)
Commentary by Joan Coscubiela (General Secretary, Comisiones Obreras Catalonia, Spain)
Patrick DanaheyEducation and the Democratic Sovereignty of the People: A Human Rights Approach
Towards Universal Basic Income
Christine BoutinBasic income as a response to systemic crisis: the French Case.
Eduardo SuplicyThe approval and sanctioning of the Basic income bill in Brazil

BIEN 2002, Geneva

Aho, SimoMore selectivity in unemployment compensation in Finland: Has it led to activation or increased poverty?
Andersson, Jan-OttoPopular support for basic income in Sweden and Finland
Archer, SeanSocial and economic rights in the South African Constitution: The role of a basic income
Atkinson, AnthonyHow basic income is moving up the policy agenda: News from the future
Ballas, DimitrisA spatial micro-simulation approach to the impact assessment of basic income policies
Balsan, DidierL’incidence de l’allocation universelle sur la propension à travailler
Basso, LeonardoMeritorious Currency: A currency against famine
Basso, Leonardo (with Marcelo Silva & Fernando de Pinho)Tobin Tax, minimum income and the eradication of famine in Brazil
Bhorat, HaroonA universal income grant for South Africa: An empirical assessment
Bienefeld, ManfredAn economic model based on ‘fear and insecurity’
Blueme, MarkusAutriche: vers un minimum inter-institutionnel
Bradbury, FarelBasic income and the advanced economy
Bruto da Costa, AlfredoMinimum guaranteed income and basic income in Portugal
Busilacchi, GianlucaActivation minimum income and basic income: history of a comparison of two ideas
Cantillon, BeaWelfare State protection, labour markets and poverty: lessons from
cross-country comparisons
Carsten, UllrichProspects of popular support for basic income
Casassas, DavidRepublicanism and basic income: The articulation of the public sphere from the repoliticization of the private sphere
Chetvernina, Tatyana (with Liana Lakunina)Endless insecurity? The reality of Russia
Christensen, EricFeminist arguments in favour of welfare and basic income in Denmark
Costantin, Paulo DutraThe positive externality of basic income in a capitalist economy
Cruz-Saco, MariaA basic income policy for Peru: Can it work?
D’Addio, Anna CristinaAssessing unemployment traps in Belgium using panel data sample selection models
Dasgupta, SuktiCare Work: The quest for security
Deacon, BobTracking the global social policy discourse: From safety nets to universalism
de Pinho, Fernando (with Silva Marcelo & Leonardo Basso)Tobin Tax, minimum income and the eradication of famine in Brazil
Dommen, EdouardGeneva connections: Calvin, Rousseau and basic income
Dore, RonThe Liberal’s Dilemma: Immigration, social solidarity and basic income
Dubouchet, JulienDe la dette au droit: principes et évolutions de la sécurité sociale en Suisse
Dyer, AlanSocial credit as economic modernism: Seven theses
Euzeby, ChantalFeasibility and limitations of a minimum income for pensioners
Farvaque, Nicolas (with Robert Salais)Implementing allowances for young people in France: Enhancing capabilities or increasing selectivity
Fernandez, José IglesiasStrong versus weak models of basic income in Catalonia – Spain
Frankman, MyronA planet-wide citizen’s income. Espousal and estimates
Füllsack, ManfredWork and social differentiation. And how it gives reason to a basic income
Fumagalli, AndreaBio-economics, labour flexibility and cognitive work: Why not basic income?
Funiciello, TheresaGetting on a path to just distribution: The Caregiver Credit Campaign
Gamel, Claude (with Didier Balsan & Josiane Vero)L’Incidence de l’allocation universelle sur la propension à travailler
Ghai, DharamPursuing Basic Income Security in Africa
Goldsmith, ScottThe Alaska Permanent Fund: A basic income in action
Handler, JoelSocial citizenship and Workfare in the USA and Western Europe. From status to contract
Harvey, PhilipThe Right to Work: Taking economic rights seriously
Healy, Sean (with Brigid Reynolds)From poverty relief to universal entitlement: Social welfare and basic
income in Ireland
Hernandez, DiegoSelectivity in social policy in Colombia during the 1990s
Hoskins, DalmerResurrecting universalism in social security
Howard, MichaelLiberal and Marxist justifications for basic income
Hrdina, JeanneUniversal basic livelihood is essential for world peace
Kangas, Olli (with Jan-Otto Andersson)Popular support for basic income in Sweden and Finland
Kallmann, KarelMobilising a Coalition for Basic Income in South Africa
Kildal, Nanna (with Stein Kuhnle)The principle of universalism: Tracing a key concept in the Scandanavian welfare model
Kratke, MichaelBasic Income, Commons and Commodities: The Public Domain Revisited
Kuhnle, Stein (with Nanna Kildal)The principle of universalism: Tracing a key concept in the Scandanavian welfare model
Kunnemann RolfBasic income: A state’s obligation under the human right to food
Lakunina, Liana (with Tatyana Chetvernina)Endless insecurity? The reality of Russia
Laurent, ThierryIncitations et transitions sur le marché du travail: une analyse dynamique
des trappes à inactivité
Lavinas, LenaThe bolsa escola in Brazilian cities
Le Clainche, ChristineLes préférences pour la redistribution: Une analyse du profil des
individus favourables à l’allocation universelle
le Roux, PieterThe benefits of a basic income in South Africa
Liebeg, StefanA legitimate guaranteed minimum income
Loftager, JornDeliberative democracy and the legitimacy of basic income
Lord, CliveThe mutual interdependence of a citizen’s income and ecological sustainability
Lo Vuolo, RubenThe basic income debate in the context of a systemic crisis: The case of Argentina
Manning, LowellBasic income and economic transformation in New Zealand
Marx, IveMass joblessness, the Bismarckian model and the limits to gradual adaptation in Belgium
Matisonn, Heidi (with Jeremy Seekings)Welfare in Wonderland? The politics of the basic income grant in South Africa
Matsaganis, ManosThe rise and fall of selectivity a la Grecque
Mau, SteffenA legitimate guaranteed minimum income
Meireis, TorstenCalling: A Christian argument for a basic income
Mon, Jean-PierrePour une conditionnalité transitoire
Moreira, AmilcarIndividual moral dignity and the guarantee of a minimum income
Morley-Fletcher, EdwinAlternative models of credit cards
Noguera, Jose(with Daniel Raventos)Basic income, social polarisation and the Right to Work
November, AndrasLe revenu minimum social à Genève: douze ans de débats politiques
Oberson, BertrandLes mesures d’insertion sociale dans le canton de Fribourg
Offe, ClausCitizenship Rights: Why Basic Income Security is Fundamental
Opielka, MichaelA Care-worker Allowance for Germany
Ostner, IlonaTargeted universalism?
Ozanira da Silva e Silva, MariaMinimal income programmes directed at infantile work eradication and to school inclusion in Brazil
Pinilla, RafaelA diversified basic income for federal states and multinational communities
Pioch, RoswithaMigration, citizenship and welfare reform in Europe: Overcoming Labour Market Segregation
Plant, RaymondCan there be a Right to Basic Income?
Ramji, VidyaIncome security and hidden care issues: Female care workers emigrating from Kerala (India) to the Middle East
Raventos, DanielRepublicanism and basic income: The articulation of the public sphere from the repoliticization of the private sphere
Raventos, DanielBasic income, social polarisation and the Right to Work
Reynolds, Brigid (with Sean Healy )From poverty relief to universal entitlement: Social welfare and basic
income in Ireland
Saith, AshwaniReflections on income security in development policy
Salais, Robert (with Nicolas Farvaque)Implementing allowances for young people in France: Enhancing capabilities or increasing selectivity
Salvatore, IngridA Philosophical Justification for Basic Income as Social Justice
Samson, Michael (with Ingrid van Niekerk)The macro-economic implications of poverty-reducing transfers
Santibanez, ClaudioEquality, human rights and social minima: An unconditional universal basic income proposal for Chile
Sanzo-Gonzalez, LuisAllocation universelle et garantie de ressources au Pays Basque
Schade, GünterThe Great Delusion about a remedy for unemployment
Schmitter, PhilippeA modest proposal for extending social citizenship in the EU
Schwarzenbach, SibylThe limits of production: Justifying guaranteed basic income
Shafarman, StevenMobilising for basic income
Seekings, Jeremy (with Heidi Matisonn)Welfare in Wonderland? The politics of the basic income grant in South Africa
Sheahan, AllenDoes everyone have a Right to a Basic Income?
Silva, Marcelo (with Leonardo Basso & Fernando de Pinho)Tobin Tax, minimum income and the eradication of famine in Brazil
Silver, HilarySocial insecurity and basic income
Sobhan, RehmanIncome security through asset distribution
Stadler, SabineAssessing selectivity, including Workfare, in Austria
Standing, GuyThe South African Solidarity Grant
Standing, GuyAbout Time: Basic security through income and capital
Stock, RosamundThe psychological rationale for basic income
Strengmann-Kuhn, WolfgangWorking Poor in Europe: A partial basic income for workers?
Suplicy, EduardoLegitimising basic income in developing countries: Brazil
Thorel, Jean-PierreUne allocation universelle pour la Suisse
Tons, KatrinIncremental disentitlement in German welfare policy
Van den Bosch, Karel (with Bea Cantillon)Welfare State protection, labour markets and poverty: lessons from
cross-country comparisons
Vanderborght, YannickBasic income in Belgium and the Netherlands: Implementation through the back door?
Van Niekerk, Ingrid (with Michael Samson)The macro-economic implications of poverty-reducing transfers
Van Parijs, PhilippeDoes basic income make sense as a worldwide project?
Van Trier, WalterThe conversion of Andre Gorz
Vero, Josiane (with Didier Balsan & Claude Gamel)L’Incidence de l’allocation universelle sur la propension à travailler
Vielle, Pascale (with Pierre Walthery)Emploi flexible et protection sociale : Pistes et esquisses de réconciliation
Virjo, Ilkka (with Simo Aho)More selectivity in unemployment compensation in Finland: Has it led to activation or increased poverty?
Walthery, Pierre (with Pascale Vielle)Emploi flexible et protection sociale : Pistes et esquisses de réconciliation
Watts, MartinA system of basic income versus the job guarantee
Widerquist, KarlA failure to communicate: The labor market findings of the NIT experiments and their effects on policy and public opinion
Wigley, SimonBasic income and the means to self-govern
Wohlgenannt, Lieselotte
(with Markus Blueme)
Autriche: vers un minimum inter-institutionnel
Zelenev, SergeiSocial protection imperatives in post-Socialist Russia
Zelleke, AlmazRadical pluralism: A liberal defence of unconditionality
Zoyem, Jean-PaulInégalités hommes-femmes et la place des enfants dans la protection sociale

BIEN 2000, Berlin

Archibugi, FrancoThe non-market activities and the future of Capitalism
Basso, LeonardoThe minimum income models of James Meade applied to Brazil
Bauer, MichaelExtending social citizenship at the European level: Proposal for a Euro-Stipend
Berteloot, BernardA basic income or a basic capital?
Blais, Francois (with Jean-Yves Duclos)Basic income in a federation: The case of Canada
Bresson, YolandBasic income as foundation of the new economy and harmonisation of social European politics
Burbidge, Duncan
(with Stuart Duffin)
Stumbling towards basic income: The prospects for tax-benefit integration
Christensen, ErikThe Rhetoric of Rights and responsibilities in workfare and citizen’s income
Costantin, Paulo Dutra
(with Leonardo Basso)
The minimum income models of James Meade applied to Brazil
Cunliffe, John (with Guido Erreygers)Basic income? Basic capital! Origins and issues of a debate
Dahms, HarryMoishe Postone’s critique of traditional Marxism as an argument for the guaranteed minimum income
De Deken, JohanFunded pensions, responsibility of ownership, and economic citizenship
De Wispelaere, JurgenBargaining for basic income? Justice and politics in welfare policy
De Wispelaere, Jurgen
(with Daniel Rubenson)
Participation through basic income: A social capital approach
Duclos, Jean-YvesBasic income in a federation: The case of Canada
Duffin, StuartRecognizing citizenship
Duffin, Stuart
(with Duncan Burbidge)
Stumbling towards basic income: The prospects for tax-benefit integration
Erreygers, GuidoBasic income? Basic capital! Origins and issues of a debate
Fischer, AndreaOpening Address
Franzmann, Manuel
(with Sascha Liebermann)
Saving citizenship from the Workhouse: Upholding the obligation to work undermines the citizen’s autonomy
Fumagalli, AndreaEleven propositions on basic income (basic income in a flexible accumulation system)
Giullari, SusannaEnabling the creative tension: Lone mothers, kin support and basic income
Godino, RogerBasic income, market economy, and democracy
Groot, Loek
(with Robert van der Veen )
Basic income versus working subsidies: An assessment of the Vandenbroucke model
Healy, Sean
(with Brigid Reynolds)
Progressing basic income on a range of fronts
Hoglund, MatsReflections about the basic income debate from a Swedish perspective
Huber, JosephFunding basic income by Seignorage
Jacquet, LaurenceDoes optimal income tax theory justify a basic income?
Janson, PerBasic income and the Swedish welfare state
Just, Wolf-DieterTowards a new understanding of work, income and life
Kildal, NannaWorkfare policies and the Scandinavian welfare model
Klammer, UteWorking women in the age of flexibility: New diversities, new needs for social protection
Kraetke, MichaelTaxation and civil rights. The Right to subsistance in the European Tradition
Krebs, AngelikaWhy mothers should be fed: Ein kritik an Van Parijs
Kutylowski, JanRelative income deprivation and its determinants and consequences in Poland
Leischen, Petra (with Wolfram Otto)Existential subsistence for everyone: The concept of BAG-SHI
Lerner, SallyThe positives of ‘flexibility’: Spreading work, promoting choice
Little, AdrianCivil societies and economic citizenship: The contribution of basic income theory to new interpretations of the public sphere
Martínez, Francisco JoséSalary work and free activity
Liebermann, Sascha
(with Manuel Franzmann)
Saving citizenship from the Workhouse: Upholding the obligation to work undermines the citizen’s autonomy
Mathers, Andrew
(with Graham Taylor)
Popular networks and public support for a basic income in Europe
Merle, Jean-ChristopheWould a universal basic income really leximin real freedom?
Moreno, LuisEuropeanization and decentralization of ‘safety net’ schemes
Moulier Boutang, YannThe link between global productivity and individual cumulative basic income: Some suggestions
Noguera, José AntonioBasic income and the Spanish welfare state
Opielka, MichaelParental income and basic income. Why family matters for citizenship
Otto, Wolfram
(with Petra Leischen)
Existential subsistence for everyone: The concept of BAG-SHI
Ozanira da Silva e Silva , MariaThe minimum income: A monetary transfer to poor families with children in school age in brazil
Pinilla, RafaelThe persistence of poverty in free market economic systems and the basic income proposal: An economic analysis
Pioch, RoswithaEU integration and basic income: Rethinking social justice in competitive welfare states
Reynolds, Brigid
(with Sean Healy)
Progressing basic income on a range of fronts
Robeyns, Ingrid CThe political economy of non-market work
Rubenson, Daniel
(with Jurgen De Wispelaere)
Participation through basic income: A social capital approach
Schmitter, Philippe
(with Michael Bauer)
Extending social citizenship at the European level: Proposal for a Euro-Stipend
Seel, BarbaraLegitimizing unpaid household work by monetarization – achievements and problems
Suplicy, EduardoIn the direction of a citizen’s income: The advancement of the battle in Brazil
Suplicy, EduardoUm dialogo com Milton Friedman sobre o imposto de renda negativo
Taylor, Graham
(with Andrew Mathers)
Popular networks and public support for a basic income in Europe
Tenschert, Ursula (with Matthias Till)Poverty and minimum income in EU-14: First results of the ECHP
Till, Matthias (with Ursula Tenschert)Poverty and minimum income in EU-14: First results of the ECHP
Töns, KatrinPaternalism and the right to take risks
Vanderborght, YannickThe ‘VIVANT’ experiment in Belgium: An issue-based political party focused on full basic income
Van der Veen, Robert (with Loek Groot)Basic income versus working subsidies: An assessment of the Vandenbroucke model
Van Donselaar, GijsTom Sawyers fence: On the border between leisure and income
Van Parijs, PhilippeBasic income: A simple and powerful idea for the 21st century
Walter, TonyHow to thrive while on sabbatical: A review of evidence
Widerquist, KarlCitizenship or obligation
Wigley, SimonThe right to equal choice and the problem of cumulative (mis)fortune

BIEN 1998, Amsterdam

Andersson, Jan-Otto (SUO)The History of an Idea: Why did Basic Income Thrill the Finns, but not the Swedes? (published in Basic Income on the Agenda)
Balfour, Christopher (UK)Selling Basic Income to UK Conservatives
Borovali, Murat (UK)Self-Ownership, Private Property, and Unconditional Income: A Variation on the Georgist Theme
Chapman, David (UK)Reforming the tax and benefit system to reduce unemployment
Chiappero, E. (IT), with M. Serati & F. SilvaBasic income: an insidious trap or a fruitful chance for the Italian labour market?
Christensen, Erik (DK)An analysis of the Danish political debate on Citizen’s Income in the period 1977-97
Clark, Charles (US), with Catherine KavanaghAnswering the Economic Questions and Objections to a Basic Income
Cunliffe, John (UK), with Guido ErreyghersBasic Endowments and Basic Income: Some Belgian Precursors
De Beer, Paul (NL)In search of the double-edged sword
(published in Basic Income on the Agenda)
De Beer, Paul (NL), with Loek GrootWhy launch a basic income experiment?
De Wispelaere, Jurgen (B)Job Rights, Reciprocity, and the Constitutional Approach to Basic Income
Duboin, Marie-Louise (F)The Civic Contract: a first step to a distributive economy
Erreygers, Guido (B), with John CunliffeBasic Endowments and Basic Income: Some Belgian Precursors
Ferge, Zsuzsa (H)Basic Income for the Poorer Part of Europe?
Fitzpatrick, Tony (UK)Into an Era of Post-Social Security: Globalisation and State Pluralism
Gamel, Claude (FR)The use of employment rents for the financing of basic income
Gortemaker, Philip (NL)Basic income, a matter of the heart
Healy, Sean (IRE), with Brigid ReynoldsFrom Concept to Green Paper: Putting Basic Income on the Political Agenda (published in Basic Income on the Agenda)
Hemerijck, Anton (NL)Prospects for Effective Social Citizenship in an Age of Structural Inactivity
(published in Basic Income on the Agenda)
Howard, Michael (US)Basic Income and Cooperatives
Hughes, Gordon (UK), with Adrian LittleNew Labour, Communitarianism and the Public Sphere in the UK
Jerusalem, Erwin (AU)Basic Income: How it was introduced to the political agenda in Austria
Kavanagh, Catherine (IRE), with Charles ClarkAnswering the Economic Questions and Objections to a Basic Income
Lehmann, Mary (US)Opposing Globalization Could Justify Resource-Based Basic Income
Lerner, Sally (CA)Fear of freedom: a barrier to putting BI on the political agenda
Little, Adrian (UK), with Hughes GordonNew Labour, Communitarianism and the Public Sphere in the UK
Loftager, Jørn (DK)Solidarity and Universality in the Danish Welfare State
Lunde, Thomas (CA)The Family Basic Income Proposal
Manning, Lowell (NZ)The Economic Effects of Introducing a Full Universal Basic Income into the New Zealand Economy
Metz, Paul (NL)The daughter of Karl Marx en Adam Smith
Mitschke, Joachim (D)Pleading for a Negative Income Tax
(published in Basic Income on the Agenda)
Morier-Genoud, Jean (SWI)Toward a renovation of economic circulation and institutionsMorley-Fletcher, Edwin (IT)
Opening AddressOzanira da Silva e Silva, Maria (BRA)
The Minimum Income as a Policy for Increasing Child Education in BrazilPelzer, Helmut (GE)
Funding of an Unconditional Basic Income in Germany via a Modified
Tax/Transfer SystemPioch, Roswitha (GE)
The bottom line of the welfare state in Germany and the NetherlandsQuilley, Steven (UK)
Sustainable Funding of Basic Income: Environment, Citizenship & Community, and a Trajectory for Basic Income Politics in Europe
(published in Basic Income on the Agenda)
Reynolds, Brigid (IRE), with Sean HealyFrom Concept to Green Paper: Putting Basic Income on the Political Agenda (published in Basic Income on the Agenda)
Robeyns, Ingrid (B)An emancipation fee or hush money? The advantages and disadvantages of a basic income for women’s emancipation and well-being
(published in Basic Income on the Agenda)
Roos, Nikolas (NL)Basic Income and the justice of taxationSalinas, Claudio Caesar (ARG), with Philippe Van Parijs
Basic income and its cognates. Puzzling equivalence and unheeded differences between alternative ways of addressing the new social question (published in Basic Income on the Agenda) Scharpf, Fritz (D)
Basic Income and Social Europe
(published in Basic Income on the Agenda)
Schutz, Robert (US)More Basic IncomeSerati, M. (IT), with E. Chiappero & F. Silva
Basic income: an insidious trap or a fruitful chance for the Italian labour market?Silva, F. (IT) ), with E. Chiappero & M. Serati
Basic income: an insidious trap or a fruitful chance for the Italian labour market?Smith, Jeffery (US)
From Potlatch to EarthshareStanding, Guy (SWI)
Seeking Equality of Security in the Era of GlobalisationTerraz, Isabelle
Redistributive Impact of a Basic Income: A Focus on Women’s SituationVan Parijs, Philippe (B), with Claudio Caesar Salinas
Basic income and its cognates. Puzzling equivalence and unheeded differences between alternative ways of addressing the new social question (published in Basic Income on the Agenda) Widerquist, Karl (US)
Reciprocity and the guaranteed income

Except where otherwise noted, content on this site is licensed under the Creative Commons license CC BY NC SA.

A short history of BIEN

About BIEN


Founded in 1986, the Basic Income European Network (BIEN) aims to serve as a link between all individuals and groups interested in basic income (i.e. a periodic cash payment unconditionally delivered to all on an individual basis, without means test or work requirement) and to foster informed discussion on this topic throughout the world.

Members of BIEN include academics, students and social policy practitioners as well as people actively engaged in political, social and religious organisations. They vary in terms of disciplinary backgrounds and political affiliations no less than in terms of age and citizenship.

The mission of the Basic Income Earth Network (BIEN) is to offer education to the wider public about alternative arguments about, proposals for, and problems concerning, basic income as idea, institution, and public policy practice. To this end, BIEN organises public conferences around the world on an annual basis in which empirical research and new ideas are disseminated and discussed. BIEN promotes and serves as a repository of published research, including congress papers, an academic blog featuring balanced debate for and against the basic income proposal in different contexts and forms, and by means of an independent academic journal linked with BIEN – Basic Income Studies. BIEN does not subscribe to any particular version of basic income, and fosters evidenced-based research, plural debate, and critical engagement about basic income and related ideas and public policy developments. Individuals connected with BIEN – including affiliated organisations – may express particular opinions about basic income, but they are not opinions of BIEN. BIEN’s explicit mission is to remain neutral among competing arguments for and against basic income and the relation of basic income with other ideas and policies.

By the early 2000s, “Basic Income European Network” had become somewhat of a misnomer, as scholars and activists from other continents have actively joined the network. BIEN expanded its scope to become the “Basic Income Earth Network” in 2004. It is an international network that serves as a link between individuals and groups interested in basic income, and fosters informed discussion of the topic throughout the world.

Executive Committee

A new Executive Committee was elected at the General Assembly held on the 26th August 2018 

BIEN’s Executive Committee (EC) is elected by the General Assembly. It usually meets once a month via the internet. Within the limits set by the decisions of the General Assembly and BIEN’s constitution as a charitable organization, it takes any action it judges useful to the pursuit of BIEN’s purposes.

Members of the Executive Committee 

Louise Haagh Chair
Sarath Davala Vice Chair
Julio Aguirre Secretary
Mark Wadsworth Treasurer
Jamie Cooke Assistant Treasurer
André Coelho BI News Editor
Tyler Prochazka BI Features Editor
Leah Hamilton BI News and Volunteer Recruitment Officer
Kate McFarland Research Manager
Toru Yamamori Research Manager
Jasper van den Bor Affiliate Outreach
Julio Linares Public Outreach
Demétrio Ruivo Website manager
Aoife Hegarty Fundraiser
Anne Miller Bank Account Trustee
Jay Ginn Bank Account Trustee
Jake Eliot Bank Account Trustee


General Manager

Malcolm Torry, Director of Citizen’s Income Trust, UK was appointed General Manager by the EC in May 2007.

Features Editor, Basic Income News:

Tyler Prochazka (tyler.prochazka@yahoo.com), United States,

BIEN is entirely run by volunteers. It has no paid employees. It has created or is in the process of creating at least six volunteer task forces. We are interested in people who want to volunteer for any of them and in people who have additional ideas they would like to volunteer for. Click here to find out how to volunteer and what volunteers are doing.

The currently existing or forming task forces are:

Non EC members with official roles in BIEN

Honorary Co-Presidents

The Honorary Co-Presidents are past Co-Chairs of BIEN who continue to be actively involved in BIEN and who have been confirmed in this status by the General Assembly.

Claus Offe, Hertie School of Governance, Berlin, Germany.

Guy Standing, School of Oriental and African Studies (SOAS), University of London, United Kingdom.

Eduardo Suplicy, Federal Senator, São Paulo, Brazil.

Members of the International Advisory Board

The International Board consists of the current members of the Executive Committee, representatives of the recognized national affiliates, and all former members of BIEN’s Executive Committee (listed below).


Philippe Van Parijs, Université catholique de Louvain, Belgium

Former members of BIEN’s Executive Committee:

Anja Askeland
Borja Barragué
Simon Birnbaum
David Casassas
Alexander de Roo
Jurgen De Wispelaere
Kelly Ernst
Andrea Fumagalli
Louise Haagh
Seán Healy
Lena Lavinas
Edwin Morley-Fletcher
James Mulvale
Eri Noguchi
José Antonio Noguera
Claus Offe
Ilona Ostner
Steven Quilley
Dorothee Schulte-Basta
Guy Standing
Eduardo Suplicy
Robert J. Van Der Veen
Ingrid Van Niekirk
Philippe Van Parijs
Walter Van Trier
Yannick Vanderborght
Karl Widerquist
Lieselotte Wohlgenannt
Pablo Yanes
Almaz Zelleke

Reports from the General Assembly

Minutes of the General Assembly

Treasurer’s Reports

BIEN is registered as a charity in the United Kingdom


Charity registration number: 1177066

The 2018 General Assembly will be held at Tampere in Finland on the 26th August 2018

See the General Assembly page for further details

Press Contacts

Louise Haagh, Chair of BIEN

Sarath Davala, Vice chair of BIEN


A Short History of BIEN

The origins (1983-1986) – An idea, a collective, a prize. In the Autumn of 1983, three young researchers decided to set up a working group in order to explore the implications of an extremely simple, unusual but attractive idea which one of them had proposed to call, in a paper circulated a few months earlier, “allocation universelle”. Paul-Marie Boulanger, Philippe Defeyt and Philippe Van Parijs were then, or had recently been, attached to the departments of demography, economics and philosophy, respectively, of the Catholic University of Louvain (Belgium). The group became known as the Collectif Charles Fourier. Its main output was a special issue of the Brussels monthly La Revue nouvelle (April 1985). But along the way, it won a prize, with a provocative summary of the idea and its putative consequences, in an essay competition on the future of work organised by the King Baudouin Foundation.

The first meeting – With the money it thus unexpectedly earned, the Collectif Charles Fourier decided to organise a meeting to which they would invite a number of people to whom the idea of an unconditional basic income had, they gradually discovered, independently occurred . This became the first international conference on basic income, held in Louvain-la-Neuve in September 1986, with sixty invited participants. This was quite an extraordinary event, with many seemingly lonely fighters suddenly discovering a whole bunch of kin spirits. They included, among others, Gunnar Adler-Karlsson, Jan-Otto Andersson, Yoland Bresson, Paul de Beer, Alexander de Roo, Rosheen Callender, Nic Douben, Marie-Louise Duboin, Ian Gough, Pierre Jonckheere, Bill Jordan, Greetje Lubbi, Annie Miller, Edwin Morley-Fletcher, Claus Offe, Hermione Parker, Riccardo Petrella, David Purdy, Guy Standing, Robert van der Veen and Georg Vobruba.

Seeds of a lasting network – At the final session of the conference, several participants expressed the wish that some more permanent association be created, with the task of publishing a regular newsletter and organising regular conferences. Guy Standing proposed calling this association Basic Income European Network, which gathered an easy consensus, since no one could beat the beauty of the corresponding acronym (BIEN). Its purpose, later enshrined in its Statutes, was formulated as follows: BIEN aims to serve as a link between individuals and groups interested in basic income, and to foster informed discussion on this topic throughout the world. Peter Ashby (National Council for Voluntaty organisations), Claus Offe (University of Bremen) and Guy Standing (International Labour Organisation) became co-chairmen. Walter Van Trier (University of Antwerp) became secretary, and Alexander de Roo (parliamentary assistant at the European Parliament) treasurer.

BIEN’s past and current activities – From 1986 on, in addition to smaller events, BIEN has been organising one major international congress every second year, in an increasingly structured and professional way. In each case, a major academic or international organisation has accepted to host it, and financial support has been forthcoming from many sources, both public and private, both national and international. BIEN’s first two congresses were small enough to lend themselves to the publication of proceedings, but subsequent congresses had far too many contributions for them to fit into a volume of proceedings. Many of the papers presented were independently published and several found their ways into three books largely inspired by BIEN’s congresses:

  • Philippe Van Parijs ed., Arguing for Basic Income. Ethical Foundations for a Radical Reform. London & New York: Verso, 1992
  • Robert J. van der Veen & Loek Groot eds., Basic Income on the Agenda. Policy Options and Political Feasibility. Amsterdam: Amsterdam University Press, 2000
  • Standing, G. ed., Promoting Income Security as a Right. Europe and North America, London: Anthem Press.

Since 1988 BIEN published a Newsletter three times per year since 1988 (33 issues, some in collaboration with the London-based Citizen’s Income Study Center). Publication of the Newsletter has been discontinued, but instead since January 2000 BIEN has started publishing a regular NewsFlash. BIEN’s NewsFlash appears every second month and is dispatched electronically to over 1500 subscribers. Since 1996 BIEN maintains a very substantial website. All issues of the newsletter and the newsflash can be downloaded from BIEN’s website. Finally, BIEN keeps an archive in Louvain-la-Neuve (Belgium) which includes, among other items, a great number of books and reports on BI. The titles currently stored in the archive are listed here (updated November 2010).

After its Congress in Barcelona (2004), BIEN extended its scope: now its name is Basic Income Earth Network. All life members of the Basic Income European Network, many of whom were non-Europeans, automatically became life members of the Basic Income Earth Network.