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FRANCE: Socialist primary candidate Benoît Hamon makes UBI key proposal of his campaign

Benoît Hamon, member of the French National Assembly for Yvelines, is making unconditional basic income a key component of his Socialist Party (PS) primary campaign.

Though all of the Green candidates have showed support for basic income, Hamon is the only PS candidate to express vigorous support for the idea.

In an article in Les Echos, Hamon lays out some of his main reasons for advocating for a UBI:

“We can not accept that thousands of French are forced to sacrifice their physical and mental health for grueling and precarious jobs. A transition is necessary and the ambition is great. Tomorrow, our citizens could be released from sustained uncertainty and, instead, choose their mobility. Tomorrow, all working forms of economic and social utility are recognized and valued, beyond the single employee or paid work. The value of an individual and his right to dignity would not be indexed to their contribution to GDP.”

Relatedly, Hamon campaigns for the recognition of “burnout” as an occupational disease. “The Law on social dialogue and employment” first recognized burnout in this way last year, and Hamon would like to make further advancements.

“[I]n 2016, 20% of French say they are on the edge of burnout, and 70% of paid employees do not feel noticed.”

In his arguments for a UBI, Hamon also stresses the risk of unemployment due to increased mechanization of work. As he points out on his website,

“In Europe, between 2000 and 2010, 7.6 million jobs have disappeared under the direct impact of new technologies.”


“While 10% of the workforce is unemployed, up to 3 million jobs could disappear in France with digitization by 2025.”

Moreover, today in France, 24% of individuals between the ages of 15 and 24 are unemployed. “The youth… should no longer be synonymous with insecurity,” writes Hamon.

Hamon proposes an unconditional basic income distributed to every adult citizen on an individual basis. He says, “its amount and funding would be adjusted regularly to ensure each and every citizen has sufficient income to live and participate in public life.”


Hamon’s Breakdown

Here are the main features of the UBI program that Hamon proposes.

Every adult citizen would receive €750 per month. This would cost €300 billion per year. The UBI would exist alongside €18 billion in housing subsidies, €23 billion in social benefits, and €53 billion in family benefits–his rationale being that “the Basic Income should strengthen, not reduce the social protection of the French.”

Hamon plans to finance the basic income in part through reforms to the tax system, expecting to bring in €24 billion in revenue by individualizing income tax, €84 billion by closing tax loopholes, and €80 billion by fighting against tax evasion. He also recommends taxing wealth and digital technology, in addition to other appropriate taxation (he provides the example of French tax authorities who are currently demanding €1.6 billion in back taxes from Google).

Le revenu universel, la voie pour le progrès socialLe #RevenuUniversel pose la question fondamentale de la société que nous voulons pour demain. Pour aborder l’avenir avec confiance, notre pays a besoin d’un projet mobilisateur en ce début de XXIe siècle. Ayons l’audace de créer le revenu universel, comme nous avons eu l’audace de créer la sécurité sociale, pour protéger chaque citoyen face aux aléas de la vie.

Posted by Benoît Hamon on Tuesday, October 4, 2016

Hamon wants to change conceptions of wealth, the value of individuals, and the value of work from economic (GDP) to social, cultural, and educational. He explains his vision in the above video.

September polls show Hamon with support from 14% and 16% of those who intend to vote in the election. The PS presidential primary will take place on January 22, 2017.

On October 18th, Hamon invited people to a well-attended Q&A over coffee and drinks. Hamon’s campaign is part of a growing surge of interest in UBI in France. France’s prime minister, for instance, recently reopened the gates for discussion on basic income.


Cover Photo: by Margot L’hermite, published on Facebook on Oct 25, 2013.

Graphic: by BenoitHamon2017, campaign flyer.

Video: by Benoit Hamon, published on Facebook on Oct 4, 2016.

About Nick Yeretsian

Nick Yeretsian has written 7 articles.

Nick is an active environmentalist, effective altruist, and artist. Nevertheless, he attempts to remain unbiased and impartial. Here are some of his favorite websites:,,

The views expressed in this Op-Ed piece are solely those of the author and do not necessarily represent the view of Basic Income News or BIEN. BIEN and Basic Income News do not endorse any particular policy, but Basic Income News welcomes discussion from all points of view in its Op-Ed section.


  • Steve Godenich

    The median equivalent adult income in france is 24.5k/year[1]. The 60% at risk poverty level of 24.5k/year is 14.7k/year or 1225/month. The 50% poverty level of 24.5K/year is 12.25k/year or 1000/mo. With a basic income of 750/month, that would amount to letting the poor live in poverty and increasing taxes for everyone including the poor and especially the wealthy.

    [1] Median Income (median equivalent adult income) | Wikipedia

    • Hi Steve,

      Comparing basic income with the poverty level as defined by 60% of median income is misguided because median income is (usually) calculated per household.

      Since basic income is individual, the more people in the household, the more UBI you receive. So in effect, most poor households would receive much more than the median income as a result.

      This is not true for single person households, for whom you need complementary benefits, especially housing benefit.

  • Steve Godenich


    Thank you for the observation, however this* is, indeed, an individual income, not household income. If you know of a better source of individual incomes, please let me know, but this should suffice.

    * “Median Equivalent Adult Income – This is the disposable income of an equivalent adult in a household in the middle of the income distribution in a year.” Wikipedia for Median Income (Median Adult Income)

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